also known as: Makkosjánosi (HU), Jánošovo (CZ), Ivanivka (RU)
48°15' N / 22°38' E
~ Introduction ~
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Yanoshi was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Makkosjánosi in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Jánošovo in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Ivanivka and, since 1991, known as Yanoshi, in the Berehove rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Yanoshi are Jánosijovo, Jánossy, Jánosi, Janoshi, Ivanyivka and Ivanovka.
Yanoshi is located about 16 miles SSW of Mukacheve (Munkács) and about 4 miles NNW of Berehove (Beregszász).
Jews probably settled in Yanoshi in the first half of the 19th century.
In 1877, the Jewish population was 21.
By 1921, under Czechoslovakia rule, the Jewish population continued to grow.
Among the Jewish breadwinners were families that earned their livelihoods from commerce and farming.
With the Hungarian occupation of Yanoshi in March, 1939, Jews were pushed out of their occupations. A few dozen Jewish men were drafted into forced labor battalions in 1940-41 and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In August, 1941, the number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Yanoshi were deported to Auschwitz.
A great many of the Jews from Yanoshi were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Yanoshi had about 2,030 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001), p. ????
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