Note on the coat of arms, the trails of green vines and yellow grape-clusters, so representative of this wine-producing region of Hungary.
Modern Annotated Map from GoogleMaps Showing Tolcsva (in italics),
in Hungary in Relationship to Slovakia and the Ukraine
Annotated Map of Tolcsva and Surrounding Towns, from Yehuda HEIMLICH,
who had family members who were also born in Tolcsva. Original complete map of the Zemplen Region in pre-Trianon Hungary is a public domain map.
Below is an adaptation, with
additions, from the section that researchers at The Museum of The Jewish
People at Beit Hatfutsot, Tel Aviv, Israel, wrote about Tolcsva.
Note that there is some overlap between what is written here and the translation of the section on Tolcsva from the Hungarian Yizkor Book. The latter has some photos and some references to specific people who had been part of the Jewish community.
The first information available about Jewish settlement in the town is from 1723, when the estate owners permitted seven Jewish families to reside in the town, as renters of vineyards. Their wines became famous throughout Hungary.
The majority of other Jews later also engaged in commerce, growing grapes and producing wine. There were also tradesmen and members of the free professions.
The Hevra Kadisha (ritual burial society) was established in 1770, and in 1860 the first synagogue was built. It went up in flames in 1864, as did the subsequent building that replaced it. However, the latter was capable of renovation. The town had a synagogue, yeshiva and active charitable organizations.
In 1868, because of differences of opinion between haredim (orthodox)
and maskilim (moderates) at the Jewish Congress, the community
chose to be affiliated with the orthodox stream (which refused to accept the
decisions of congress).
Between the two world wars a rich cultural life developed, and Zionist activities were recognized.
In 1941 there were 363 Jewish residents in the town, vs. 929 in 1890.
have provided help in the way of suggestions as well as documents and
photographs. These all help to gain a better
understanding of what life was like for Tolcsva's Jews. Your efforts have
all been valuable. If I have forgotten to mention someone, please forgive me, and be sure to remind me!
There have been visits to this page since 30 May 2017
Compiled by Madeleine IsenbergOriginally created
30 June 2017
Copyright © 2017
Madeleine R. Isenberg
All rights reserved.
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