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NowyTarg_COA

Nowy Targ, Poland

Lat: 49 29' N,  Long: 20 02' E

   Translation of Nowy Targ, means "New Market"
Nový Targ (Slovak)

Nowy Targ in Hebrew letters,
 Neimarkt (in Yiddish, or in Hebrew letters,
Neumarkt am Dohnst (German)

On this page:

Location and Maps

Nowy Targ 1917
NT_Map2017
Map of Neumarkt (= Nowy Targ), and other highlighted towns, old Map of Austro-Hungary, 1917
(extracted from a larger map purchased by this webmaster)

Google Map of Nowy Targ, Poland, and vicinity, highlighting its proximity to Krakow, and two towns now in Slovakia 

Background Information

Nowy Targ is a city situated in southern Poland,in the Malopolska province,the county seat of Nowy Targ.  Nowy Targ was once one of the many towns in the area known as "Galicia." It is 85 km south of Krakow, and 433 km south of Warsaw.   The full name of Nowy Targ in Polish, is Królewskie Wolne Miasto Nowy Targ, which translates to "Royal Free City of Nowy Targ."

You can find information on the general history of the town of Nowy Targ from various sources, especially on the internet. Very few mention anything about the Jews who once lived there.

The following section describes some pieces of history of Nowy Targ as it pertains to the Jews who came to live there in the middle of the 19th century and onward.

On JewishGen, in the Town Finder, you can key in Nowy Targ, and you will see a map and a list of nearby towns and how far they are from Nowy Targ.  After World War I, families appeared to have moved from Nowy Targ, either further into Poland; parts of what is now Ukraine; as well as into what is now Slovakia and the Czech Republic.

Virtual Shtetl, a Polish language website for the most part, has some portions that are in English.  One of these is on the local history of Nowy Targ.  However, no mention of the existence of a Jewish community appears in that description.

Virtual Shtetl has another site for Nowy Targ with a brief history that includes names of some of the Jewish residents of Nowy Targ.  The following are excerpts from this site, so as to highlight the people named therein:
  
"...Dr. Abraham Blumenfeld, who in 1847 came into the possession of an agro-industrial complex specializing in brewery[1.5].. He owned: a flourmill, a sawmill, a house, farm buildings and arables. In 1871 he sold his vast estate for the sum of 21,500 Rhine ducats. To conclude the purchase the town hall had to incur a debt with the Jewish bankers: Aron Mandl, Salomon Goldman and Józef Herz. In 1875 the property was leased to Józef Goldman and in 1894 it was taken over by Józef Herz. "

"...They actively participated in town life and financed many social initiatives, such as the establishment of the fire-brigade. Jakub Goldfinger, who for 15 years held the office of the vice mayor, served as a paragon of a citizen.

"More than 60 congregations fell within the kehillas jurisdiction. The office of the rabbi was then held by Jakub Hirsch, and later by the unpopular Hirsch Meislich. The wealthiest members of the local community were part of the congregations council, e.g. Jakub Goldfinger and Józef Herz."

"The situation began to deteriorate in the 1930s with a rise in anti-Semitism among Poles ... Nevertheless, Jews still actively participated in town life. The National Defense Fund, which was established by virtue of the decree of April 9, 1936, was supported also by financial contributions made by citizens of Jewish origins. Dr. Zahariasz Goldner was the most generous donor in the towns history with a contribution to the amount of 100 golden koronas."

"...According to the census conducted in 1945, 15 Jews lived in Nowy Targ in 1945, while in 1946 only 5 Jews remained in the area. It was in this period that an attempt at reviving local religious and cultural life was made. David Grassgrün declared himself president of the Jewish community. Before the outbreak of the war he worked in agriculture and traded horses. He miraculously survived the slaughter of August 30th only to die at the hands of Poles who were part of a partisan group..."

Other Sources of Information

  • Websites

Yad Vashem.  If you put "Nowy Targ" in the search field for Place, you will get over 6,000 records, some of which may be multiples for the same person.

Virtual Shtetl covers all of Poland.

Some have already been indicated above.  More will be added as needed.

Contributors of Material

Thanks are due to people who contributed information, photographs, documents, etc., to add to this KehilaLinks site.

Sally Mizroch
For photographs of the town of Nowy Targ and specifically for a focus on the cemetery.
Yad Vashem Archives
Discovering other photographs of tombstones.




There have been visits to this page since 1 March 2017

 Compiled by Madeleine Isenberg
9 March 2017
Copyright © 2017
Madeleine R. Isenberg
All rights reserved.

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