Shtetl: Mohyliv-Podilskyy, Ukraine

Current names for the town are also Mogilev-Podol'skiy or Mohilev Podolsk.

Other spellings for the town, depending on language, include the following:

The Region/Province/Gubernia where Mohyliv-Podilskyy was located changed with time, in terms of name and ruling country.   From about 1900 to before WWI, the name for the Town/District/Province was Mogilev, Mogilev, or Podolia, part of the Russian Empire.  Under czarist rule, it was the district town of Podolia.  Circa 1930, it was Mogilev-Podolski, in the Vinnitsa oblast of the Ukraine, Russia.   After WWII, it was known as Mogil-Podolskiy, in the Ukraine SSR of the Soviet Union.

Location 

Mohyliv-Podilskyy is situated next to the Dniester River in Southern Ukraine.  Founded in 1595, the town is in the Vinnitsa oblast on the southern border.  (Latitude 48°27´ N, Longitude 27°48´ E)

Maps

The section on Mohyliv-Podilskyy Resources includes links to additional maps.   Here is a link to mapquest.
http://www.jewishgen.org/cgi-bin/mapquest.pl?lat=484500&lng=278000

Pictures

The Reference Listing for this shtetl includes links to documents and websites which include pictures, photos and other graphics.  Shown here are some photographs of Jewish people who once lived in and near the Mohyliv-Podilskyy shtetl.  The photos were contributed by members of the Mohyliv-Podilskyy online group.   For further information about the group, contact Phyllis Berenson, phyllis.berenson@gmail.com.

 


Bertha, Schulem, and Perle Berenson - circa 1906

Simcha (Sidney) Geselowitz
and Guta (Gertrude) Weinberg – circa 1920

 

 



 


 

Laiser Blinchik (right) and
son David Blinchik

Blinchiks, including Laiser Blinchik (front row center) and others – circa 1954

Liba, David, and Laiser Blinchik


 

 

 

Schulim, Leah, Lena, and Mojsche Brownstein – 1910

Rose Brownstein with Berl, Schulim and Ben – 1910

Dorothy, Mark, Harry, Nettie, Anna, and baby Dora Faber - 1910


 

 

 

 

Bernie Brownstein – circa 1905

Ben and Bernie Brownstein – 1910

Sam Brownstein – circa 1904

 



 

Sholomo Chepilvoursza aka Sholomo  ben Yisroel - before 1917



 

Iosef Furman and Chaitke (Yusit) Furman - late 1890s



 



Rachel Pellish Gass - circa 1870s

Joseph Gass - circa 1940-1942


 

Family of Yosel Sarfas – circa 1928

 

 

 


Trachenbroits: Eta, Rose, Susie, Sonia, Eva (rear), Holden (Sonia husband), Marvin, and Hilda (Sonia’s children)

Trachtenbroit - Dinovitz Society

 

 

 




 


Abraham (Abe) Trachenbroit

Mordechai and Gittel (Waxman) Trachenbroit – circa 1895

Gittel (Waxman) Trachtenbroit

History

According to the Encylopedia of Ukraine's section on Mohyliv-Podilskyi, Stanislaw Rewera Potocki founded the town, in 1595 “at the site of Ivankivtsi village and named it after his father-in-law, Yarema (Ieremia) Mohyla (Movilă).”  Mohyla was a prince of Moldavia.   A castle was built a few years later.  From that time onward, the town was known by a variety of names.
          
Commercially, it became an important trading center on the trade route between Moldavia and the Ukraine; consequently, the town in Podalia grew.


Uprisings occurred in 1596 (The Severyn Nalyvaiko), 1614, and 1637-8.


In 1616 its Orthodox brotherhood set up a printing press, and in the 18th century printed books in Ukrainian, Russian, Greek, and Moldavian.


In 1648, the town became a regiment center in Bohdan Khmelntsky's Cossack Hetman state, then was destroyed during the Cossack-Polish War in 1649 and 1654.


In 1672, the town was captured by the Turks, and remained under Turkish rule until 1699. 


The town gained the rights of Magdeburg law in 1743 and developed into a flourishing economic and cultural center.


Until 1795, the town was under Polish Rule.  That ended in 1795, when Russia assumed the role.  Russia turned the town into a county center in Podilia Gubernia.


By the late 1800s, the town had regained its commercial importance.  It was once again a river port for exporting farm products.  By 1897, the population was 32,440, half of which was Jewish.


From 1917-1920, when Ukraine was striving for independence, the town was involved in many battles.  In June 1919, in a battle near the town, the Army of the Ukrainian National Republic defeated the Red Army.


In 1923 the city was officially named Mohyliv-Podilskyi. Today the city's chief industries are machine building and food processing.

Chronological History

1595

The town was founded by Stansilaw Rewera Potocki and named after Yarema Mohyla.

1595

Severyn Nalyvaiko uprising.

1614

An uprising.

1637               

Jews are first mentioned as living in the town.

1637-1638    

An uprising.

1648               

The town became a regiment center in Khmelnytsky’s Cossack Hetman state.

1648-1649    

Chmielnicki massacres.  (Note: No mention of Jews being victims.)

1649-1654   

Cossack-Polish war when the regiment center was destroyed.

1672-1699   

Turkish rule.

1699-1795  

Polish rule.  In 1765, there were 957 Jews in the town and within its vicinity.

1795               

Russian rule turned the town into a county seat for Podilia Gubernia.

1808               

David/H.Z. David Stein (father/son) moved their Hebrew press from Slopkovicz to M-P; until 1819 produced  24 books.

1847               

There were 5411 Jews in the town and within its vicinity.

1896               

Jews began emigrating and continued to do so through 1914.

1897               

There were which was 50-55 percent of its population of 32,440 was Jewish.

1905               

In October, Jewish community suffered in a wave of pogroms.

1914               

Jewish community greatly diminished in numbers.   Under Soviet rule, Jewish community suffered, its institutions liquidated.

1917-1920    

The town was involved in battles when the Ukraine strove for independence.

1923               

The town was officially named Mohyliv-Podilskyi.

1926               

There were 9622 Jews in the town, 41.8 percent of the population.

1941               

In WWII, the town was occupied by Germans and Rumanians (1941).  The town was incorporated into the region of Transnistria.

1941-1944   

Jews were expelled by Rumania from Bessarabia and Bukovina, sent to Transnistria.  By September 1943, Jews in Transnistria, most of whom were from Bukovina, numbered 13,184.

1959               

According to the 1959 census, about 4,700 Jews lived in Mohylev, which was 22.5 percent of the population.

Mid-1960s      

The last synagogue was closed down by the authorities.

2010 

Population: 32,562

 

Bibliography

A Bibliography will be included in the future.

Mohyliv-Podilskyy Resources

Resources pertaining to Mohyliv-Podilskyy are available.  Wonderful photographs, maps, and diagrams are presented.  Because of rules for this shtetlinks page, we cannot republish graphics from other websites without permission.  If permission is granted, upon request, we will gratefully acknowledge it.  A list of resources and links is being provided here.  Periodically, the list will be updated.


Several members of the online Mohyliv-Podilskyy group have travelled to the town.  The section on Travelogue & Historical Research includes a report for a trip in 2011; refer to http://ehpes.com/blog1/2011/11/11/visit-to-mohyliv-podilskyi-a-team-work-2/

Background   

Wikipedia                               

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mohyliv-Podilskyi


Cemetery

Cemetery at Mogilev-Podolsk (Ukraine)                                
http://czernowitz.ehpes.com/czernowitz11/mogilev-podolsk/
Cemetery at Mohiliv-Podolsk, Photos by Hauster 2010
http://czernowitz.ehpes.com/czernowitz11/mogilev-podolsk2/index.html

Mohyliv-Podilskyi - Old Jadish Cemetery  

http://www.photoukraine.com/english/photos/region/2/69

Mogilev Podolsk – Cemetery Project                                      
http://www.iajgsjewishcemeteryproject.org/ukraine/mogilev-podolsk.html

Mogilev-Podolski Gravestones

https://www.google.com/culturalinstitute/asset-viewer/mogilev-podolski-ukraine-gravestones-scattered-in-a-jewish-cemetery/WQFQQQ6HgreNQA?hl=en
Yad Vashem Photo Archive - New Cemetery     
http://collections.yadvashem.org/photosarchive/en-us/34440.html


Jews in Mohyliv-Podilskyy

Mogilev-Podolski Synagogue 1928                              

http://collections.yadvashem.org/photosarchive/en-us/24453.html

Jewish Life in Ukraine’s 'last Jewish city'           

http://www.jweekly.com/article/full/33583/jewish-life-in-amber-in-ukraine-s-last-jewish-city/


Photos           

Boris Feldblyum Collection                                             

http://www.bfcollection.net/cities/ukraine/mogilevpod/mogilevpod.html

Edgar Hauster Photos - Ghetto 2010

http://hauster.blogspot.com/2010/12/mohyliv-podilskyi-ghetto.html

Rostdeore Photos                                                        

http://www.panoramio.com/map/#lt=48.455051&ln=27.775708&z=3&k=2&a=1&tab=1&pl=all

Yad Vashem Photo Archive

http://collections.yadvashem.org/photosarchive/en-us/33749.html


Travelogue & Historical Research       

Cemeteries, Synagogues, Mass Graves                             

http://www.heritageabroad.gov/Portals/0/documents/reports/survey_ukraine_2005.pdf

Druker’s List – My Lost Tribe

http://kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/radauti/mylosttribe.html
Mogilev-Podolsk Photos by Gidi & Rita Shilo 2006
http://czernowitz.ehpes.com/reunionposts/photos/shilophoto/mogilev/index.html
Mogilev-Podolsk Photos from Mechel Surkis 2010
http://czernowitz.ehpes.com/czernowitz11/mogilev-podolsk4/index.html
Mogilev Podolsk Roots Trip -2012 - by Gadi Rennert
http://czernowitz.ehpes.com/czernowitz11/mogilev-podolsk3/

Mogilev-Podolskiy, the lost Jewish City

http://tracingthetribe.blogspot.com/2007/10/ukraine-mogilev-podolskiy-lost-jewish.html

Pogroms – Kishineff to Bialysotk 1903-1906              

http://www.museumoffamilyhistory.com/ajc-yb-v08-pogroms.htm

Searching for Ancestral Memories

http://www.shtetlinks.jewishgen.org/sadgura/spitzer/fuhrman2.html

Soviet Union’s 'last Jewish city'

http://jhvonline.com/historians-find-jewish-life-preserved-in-soviet-unions-last-jewish-city-p3333.htm

Visit to Mohyliv-Podilskyi
http://ehpes.com/blog1/2011/11/11/visit-to-mohyliv-podilskyi-a-team-work-2/
Visit to Mohyliv-Podilskyi - Thumbnail Photos
http://www.pbase.com/nuthatch/111023_ua_mogpod

   
WWII Holocaust

Children Roam Mohilev (1943)  http://www.jta.org/1943/07/23/archive/hundreds-of-ragged-homeless-jewish-children-roam-streets-of-mohilev-in-transnistria

Jews being led to forced labor

http://collections.yadvashem.org/photosarchive/en-us/14966.html

Mogilev-Podolskiy - US Holocaust Memorial Museum
http://digitalassets.ushmm.org/photoarchives/result.aspx?search=MOGILEV-PODOLSKIY
RTR - MogilevPodolskiy Holocaust Victims 1941-1944
http://www.rtrfoundation.org/lnsearch.php?town=MOGILEV%20PODOLSKIY

Transnistria

http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/judaica/ejud_0002_0020_0_19998.html

Yad Vashem: Mogilev-Podolski

http://www1.yadvashem.org/odot_pdf/Microsoft%20Word%20-%206464.pdf

Yizkor Mohyliv-Podilskyy

http://www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/Bukowinabook/buk2_077.html



Memoirs, Family Stories, and Memorabilia

"Brownstein, Sarfas, and Faber: A twisted genealogical knot of inter-generational first-cousin marriages," by Marla Raucher Osborn.

http://www.jewishgen.org/JewishGen/testimonials/pages/2012_october/osborn_2012October.html

   Leah (Sarfas) Brownstein (1910)
 

"Perle Berenson's Rembrances of Mogilev-Podolskiy." 
An Audio Recording by Phyllis Berenson.


It runs with Windows Media Player.
Listen AudioClipOfPerleBerenson.m4a


 Perle Berenson, NYC (1912)

Searchable Databases

Would you like to connect with others researching Mohyliv-Podilskyy?

    1. Go to the JewishGen KehilaLinks Page: http://www.kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/
    2. Click on the DATABASES option in the green strip at the top of the page.
    3. When you click on the DATABASES option, a menu will appear.
    4. Click on the Family Finder (JGFF) option.
    5. The JewishGen Family Finder (JGFF) page will appear: http://www.jewishgen.org/jgff/

    6. Click on the Search button.

    7. When searching, you can specify Mohyliv-Podilskyy as the TOWN and Ukraine as the Country.


The JewishGen Ukraine Database -  http://www.jewishgen.org/databases/Ukraine/ - is a multiple database search facility, which incorporates all of the following databases: JRI -Poland, Yizkor Book Necrologies, JewishGen Family Finder(JGFF), JewishGen Online Worldwide Burial Registry (JOWBR), JG Discussion Group Archives, SIG Mailing List Archives and much much more.

United States Holocaust Research Institute Reading Room Information for Mohyliv-Podilskyy: http://www.ushmm.org/search/results/?q=reading+room+mohyliv


 


 Compiled by Joan Forman
Updated 23 July 2015
Copyright © 2015Joan Forman
 

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