Welcome to the Kehilalinks site for Kryzhopol (now known in Ukraine as Kryzhopil'), a town in southwestern Ukraine. This site was created to share information about Jewish Kryzhopol and to commemorate the Jewish community that existed before the great emigration of the early 20th Century, and many of its members who were lost in the Holocaust.
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Kryzhopil' (then Kryzhopol), located in
Vinnytsia oblast, can be found between the
watersheds of the Southern Bug and the Dneister
rivers. In comparison to many towns and villages
lived in by Jews in the region, Kryzhopol was a
relative newcomer. The first railway to be built in
the Ukrainian part of the Russian Empire was a track
from Odessa to Balta. This railway connected the
agricultural regions in the north of Odessa Oblast
to Odessa, the seaport on the Black Sea. In 1870,
the railway was extended from Balta to Kyiv (Kiev),
and was known as the Odessa-Kyiv railway. The
extended railway included a stop at the small town
Kryzhopol was incorporated as a town in 1866, before it was connected by the railway. The train station figures largely in the history of the Jewish population of Kryzhopol and of the town. Its original coat of arms boasted the image of a railway engine. By 1870, when the railway arrived, the town had a handsome large railway station as well as burgeoning industry.
Access to the railway brought work and greater mobility for the people in the town and the smaller villages nearby. At the turn of the 20th century, many Jews from the nearby villages of Kniazhe (now Radyanske), Zhabokrich and Shpikov (Shpykiv) migrated to the new regional centre of Kryzhopol. The pace of life was faster in Kryzhopol than in the villages and the economic opportunities for Jews were more numerous. Easy access to the railway (known in the Soviet era as the Vapniarka-Rudnitsa line) encouraged travel to cities such as Odessa, and it would become a lifeline for Jews throughout the years leading up to World War Two as Jewish families began to buy and sell goods that they then transported by rail between Kryzhopol and Odessa. A more extensive history of Kryzhopol, for now in Russian, can be found on the webpage entitled History.
In 1897, Kryzhopil' was home to 688 Jews, out of a total population of 1,126 inhabitants.
Location: Kryzhopil' is located in Vinnytsk'ka Oblast, Ukraine, 61 miles or 98 kilometres, from Vinnytsyia, the administrative centre of the oblast. It's coordinates are 48°23' north latitude and 28° 53' east longitude. The town is situated between the Moldovan border on the west, and the Dneister River on the east. During the Second World War, Kryzhopol was part of Transnistria.
Most commonly used town names: In the days before they emigrated, most Jews called the town as Kryzhopol, due to their use of the Russian pronunciation and spelling of the town name. Since 1991, the town has been known in by its Ukrainian name, Kryzhopil'.
Name variations: Ukrainian: Kryzhopil` - Крижопіль Russian: Kryzhopol - Крижопoль Yiddish: קריזשאָפּאָל Romanian: Crijopol Polish: Krzyżopol.
Nearest large cities: Moghyliv-Podilskyy (50 miles/80.5 km E), Vinnytsya (61 miles/98 km SSE), Uman (66 miles/106.5 km ENE).
Do you have roots in Kryzhopol? Would you like to connect with others researching the same community? Click here to search for 'Kryzhopol' or 'Kryzhopil' in the JewishGen Family Finder (JGFF) database.
The JewishGen Ukraine Database is a multiple database search facility which incorporates all the databases listed below. These databases have been contributed by the JewishGen Ukraine SIG and individual donors. The combined databases have over 1.2 million entries on individuals living in the area that is now Ukraine.
You may search for information about Kryzhopil' in each of the following databases, by adding the town name, either as Kryzhopil' or Kryzhopol in the JewishGen Ukraine Database:
The database is a work in
progress and new entries are added regularly.
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