||First mention of Bobruisk in documents from Lithuanian Grand Duke
||Bobruisk joins revolt against Lithuanian Duke Mikhail Glinsky, majority
of Bobruisk citizens desire alliance with Russia.
||Bobruisk population reaches 2,000, Jesuit fathers erect stone church.
||Tax revolt in city against Starosta (Governor) Peter Trizna.
||Cossack rebellion in Ukraine spreads to Belarus, sympathetic Bobruisk
residents join rebels.
||Cossack rebels in Bobruisk crushed by Polish troops.
||Bobruisk is destroyed by Cossack army under Zolotarenko in order to deny
Polish use as military base. Area depopulated by 50%.
||War between Sweden and Russia, Bobruisk suffers plundering, forced labor,
||150 houses counted in Bobruisk.
||395 Jewish head-tax payers counted in Bobruisk, a small community
compared to others in the area.
||Small fortress rebuilt in Bobruisk.
||889 citizens counted in Bobruisk, 32% Jews (281).
||Bobruisk under Russian military control, Minsk Gubernye established.
||Bobruisk raised to level of County Seat.
||Tsar Alexander I orders the building of Bobruisk Fortress, Jewish
contractors fill important role in mobilizing laborers, organization of the work,
furnishing building supplies.
||Bobruisk has the eighth-largest Jewish kehila in Minsk Gubernye, 655
Jewish men counted.
||Bobruisk Fortress unsuccessfully besieged four months by Napoleon's
Polish Corps. Later, Russian authorities oblige Bobruisk Jews to quarter captured French
Army prisoners in their homes.
||Bobruisk Fortress building renewed on large scale, Jewish contractors
||Fortress building continues throughout reign of Tsar Nicholas I.
Approximately 5,000 soldiers, a good many Jewish, stationed there during most of 19th
||First yeshiva founded in Bobruisk by Rabbi Akiva Altshul. Later, some of
the greatest rabbis in Russia study there.
||Chief Rabbi Barukh Mordekhay Etingah emigrates to the Land of Israel,
subsequently separate Rabbinates are established for Misnagdim and Hasidim,
but they maintain good relations.
||First news of a great fire where "whole city goes up in smoke."
||Polish Uprising, Bobruisk fortress involved.
||Yakov Germeyze, the famous Maskil (Enlightener) of Minsk,complains
about "the Bobruisk Jews, who hated the Enlightenment and their followers."
||Libave-Romner railway line built through Bobruisk, two stations and
Berezina River bridge built.
||150 houses and 3 bes-medreshim burn down.
||Bobruisk ranked as second-largest city in Minsk Gubernye after Minsk
itself, 17,935 Jews are counted. Secular education among Jews becomes more popular under
the pressure of the military draft.
||Large fire breaks out in Bobruisk, but role of the anti-Semitic
hooliganism of that year in the Pale of Settlement not established. Illegal traveling
Yiddish theater troupes begin visiting Bobruisk.
||Jewish doctors in fortress falsely accused of selling bogus military
||Jews comprise 88% of population, 97% of business volume and profits.
Average Jewish merchant volume: 22,500 rubles a year.
||"Lovers of Zion" Union founded in Bobruisk.
||Bobruisk population reaches over 30,000. Volunteer fireman crew
established. Shapiro misnagdic rabbinic dynasty begins.
||In response to an economic crisis, a charitable soup kitchen is
established which later becomes the center of Zionist activity in city.
||Fortress loses its armaments, but remains as staging point for area
summer military maneuvers. 34,336 citizens counted in new census including surrounding
villages; of them 20,795 Jews, 60.5 %. Approximately 4,000 Jewish families, most employed
in crafts, industry, and trade.
||Bobruisk is selected for site of illegal Bund press, later dispersed by
||Cooperative Movement founded in Bobruisk, later evolves into one of the
largest and richest credit unions in all Jewry.
||Hasidic Rabbi Shemerihu Nokh Shniuerson opens a yeshiva, but most others
begin to lose their students.
||Great Fire of Bobruisk, 2,500 families left homeless, 250 businesses,
city market, 15 schools and synagogues destroyed. 7 million rubles in property damage.
City quickly rebuilt with stone and brick structures. She'iri Tsion, an influential
and pious Zionist union, founded.
||First street demonstrations by the Bund. Jewish boyuvke (armed
self-defense units) organized and successfully deter pogroms in Bobruisk city.
||First Russian Revolution, general strikes organized in Bobruisk by Bund
and Labor Zionists. Compared to other cities in Jewish Pale, state and local authorities
show "great self-restraint." Rebellion of 800 fortress soldiers in
"disciplinary regiments," later suppressed.
||Yearly draft board (priziv) of the Tsar's Army begins visiting
Bobruisk. Secret police force the emigration to America of many Bund activists.
||Most revolutionary organizations disintegrate, activity ceases.
||Zionist movement comes into its own in Bobruisk. Promotion of Hebrew
||Central city streets paved with cobblestones, street lamps installed.
||Due to repressive zoning laws against shtetl Jews, thousands per year in
Bobruisk County are forced to move to the city and many begin emigrating to America.
||The "Jewish Peoples' Library" in Bobruisk is reckoned among the
"the four greatest social Jewish libraries" (in Russia).
||Revolutionary activity and strikes resume in Bobruisk.
||Due to overcrowding, a new Jewish cemetery is established distant from
the city, "to where one had to travel by train."
||Outbreak of WW I. Bobruisk still about 61% Jewish.
||Front approaches Bobruisk. Despite growth of war-related employment,
living conditions deteriorate as thousands of refugees stream into the city from the west.
After Russian army retreats, groups of soldiers and Cossacks rampage through Jewish
villages and hamlets in Bobruisk region.
||Zionist Hekhaluts (Pioneers) organized in Bobruisk.
||After the February Revolution, all restrictions on Jews are lifted, Pale
of Settlement ceases to exist. Communist Party division founded in Bobruisk by Jewish
youths. Bolshevist Caucus organized within the Bund. Constituent Assembly elections held
in Bobruisk, Bolsheviks get 21% of the vote.
||Poles defeat Red Army and capture Bobruisk, Soviet laws in region
nullified. Germans capture Bobruisk in March and rule for 9 months. Soviet authority
returns at end of year.
||Red Army seizes supplies in Bobruisk, food reserves depleted, hunger
reigns, black-market profiteering fuels severe inflation. Polish Army re-enters Bobruisk,
units commit acts of mayhem against Jews.
||War in Bobruisk region renews itself; Belarussian partisans attack Polish
divisions. Soviet Army recaptures Bobruisk.
||Anti-Communist Belarussian peasant gangs become organized, terrorize and
kill hundreds of Jews in Bobruisk County, some hacked apart with axes. The kehila
disintegrates under Soviet authority.
||Although the general population of Bobruisk grows to 84,078, only 25-30%
are Jews. Many emigrate to Poland and The Land of Israel. Anti-semitic incidents continue
in the city.
||Twelve Jewish-Soviet schools teaching in Yiddish are opened.
||Despite heavy Communist pressure to close them, there are still 40
synagogues open in Bobruisk. Jacob Hakohen Ginzberg publishes the last Hebrew book in the
Soviet Union, "The Calendar for 1929."
||Newspaper The Apikoyres (Heretic) is published by Jewish Communist
||Jewish societal activity comes to an end in Bobruisk.
||All Jewish schools in Bobruisk closed, Jewish students study in Russian
and Belarussian schools.
||Hitler's army conquers Bobruisk. On Nov. 7, at the hands of the Nazi S.
S. Einzatzgruppe B, in the town of Yeloviki, approx. 20,000 Bobruisk Jews are shot and
buried in mass graves. A general slaughter is also carried out in Hlusk, Paritch, Uzarich
and Dragonavka. Ghetto and labor camp are established near airstrip on southwest side of
town. Some Jews previously evacuated by Soviets to Uzbekistan. Nazi authorities declare
Bobruisk judenrein ("Jew-free").
||Ghetto and labor camp liquidated, remaining Jews killed.
||A very few Jews escape the slaughter and join partisans in the forests
around Bobruisk, attack railway lines through the city and other targets.
||The Red Army recaptures Bobruisk and annihlates 20,000 Nazi soldiers.
||6,500 Jews have returned to Bobruisk.
||New synagogue built by Bobruisk Jewish community is confiscated by
authorities, converted into city archive.
||Approximately 30,000 Jews live in Bobruisk, but only a small minority
speak Yiddish. The baking of Passover matsos is prohibited, and Bobriusk is not on
the list of cities allowed to have foreign visitors.
||Bobruisk Yiskor Book is published in Tel Aviv, Israel by the
Histradrut Labor Organisation with support from American Bobruisk landsmanshaftn.
||Explosion and fire at Chernobyl nuclear power plant , approx. 135 miles
SE of Bobruisk; residents not informed until much later. Main radioactive plume misses
Bobruisk, but renders areas to the east uninhabitable.
||Only 2,800 Jews remain in Bobruisk, most have emigrated to the US and
Israel. Bobruisk Interest Group internet genealogy group is created under the auspices of