also known as: Izsnyéte (HU), Zňatina (CZ), Znyatino (RU)
48°21'10" N / 22°35'25" E
~ Introduction ~
( Click the arrow in the buttons below for pronunciation. )
Zhnyatyno was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Izsnyéte in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Zňatina in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Znyatino and, since 1991, known as Zhnyatyno, in the Mukachevskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Zhnyatyno are Žňatino.
Zhnyatyno is located about 11 miles WSW of Mukacheve (Munkács).
Jews probably settled in Zhnyatyno in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 127, and by 1910, the Jewish population decreased to 113.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population dropped to 78. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
By 1930, the Jewish population dropped to 57.
With the Hungarian occupation of Zhnyatyno in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Zhnyatyno were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 84 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Zhnyatyno were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Zhnyatyno were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Zhnyatyno had about 2,243 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest, c. 1941
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Bela HUBER, Ukraine jAlbum
Nikoli KATZ, USA Magic Toolbox
Zvika OREN, Israel
Bernice PERLMAN, USA
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
Boris ZIMMERMAN, Ukraine
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Zhnyatyno Jewish families:
Sam KARP, USA
Zvika OREN, Israel
Richard WEINTRAUB, USA