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Kolonia Yakovlevo
Yakovleva, Belarus
(Hutava)

 

Location: 52° 11"  N 25° 20" E - It is 150 miles SW of Minsk, on the southern outskirts of Hutava, Belarus. Now it is essentially the same place as Hutava, Belarus, since Hutava has expanded.

Before WWI, Yakovlevo was in the Kobrin Uezyd, Volochevich Volost, Grodno Gubernia, Russia.  After WWI and before WWII, Jakowlewo was in the Drohiczyn District, Polesie Region, Poland.

Other names:  Jakowlowo (Polish), Yakovlevo (Russian), Yakovleva, Kolonia, Kolonia Yakovlev, Kolonia Hutava, Kolonia Gutovo, or Gutovo. Sometimes it was referred to as a kibbutz or a moshav.


Closest Cities: Kobryn and Pinsk

Nearby Towns:

Drahichyn (8 miles) Ivanova (10 miles) Khomsk (11 miles) Simonovichi (11 miles)
Motol (15 miles) Antopol (23 miles) Kobryn (38 miles) Pinsk (35 miles)



128x64 belarus flag
 Flag of Belarus

History and Description

Yakovlevo, Kobrin uzed, Volochevich Volost. Founded in 1849. It was crown land (Kazennye in Russian), meaning national property. The settlement was originally comprised of 16 families from Kobrin. Fourteen families stayed. They received all the earth. They did not receive benefits. The soil was mostly loam (loamy soil). Source: Sbornik Materialov ob Ekonomicheskom Polozhenii Evreev v Rossii, Jewish Colonization Association, St. Petersburg, Russia 1904 (Russian). Translated by Favl Weisburd.

In 1858, there were 79 males and 72 females in the settlement.
(See www.jewishgen.org/belarus/RAGAS%20Grodno.htm)
1856: 142 males
1864: 173 males

Sbornik Materialov ob Ekonomicheskom Polozhenii Evreev v Rossii; Jewish Colonization Association, St. Petersburg, (1904), Table 34, Grodno Gubernia.  Translation by Ben Weinstock, Favl Vaisbrod and Miriam Steinberg.
Source: "Selsko-Khazaistvenny Kalendar Dlya Yevreyev Kolonistov" (ii. 231, Wilna, 1902) cited in http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/6882-grodno

Community:

Yakovlevo, Kobrin uezd, Volochevich volost

Year of Founding: 

1849

Type of Land:

crown land

Number of Families:

31

Total Souls:

202 

Total Deciatine*: 

270

Average Deciatines* per Family: 

9.9

Average Deciatine* per Person: 

1.4

Number of Gardens: 

28

Number of Horses per Family: 

0.6

Number of Cows per Family: 

3.5

Number of Horses: 

15

Number of Families Producing Bread: 

25

Taxes Paid:

none

Notice:

The settlement is comprised of 16 families from Kobrin; at the census, 14 remain. They receive all the earth; they did not receive benefits. The soil is mostly loam.

*Note: 1 Deciatine = 2.7 acres

 

The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust;  Spector, Shmuel and Geoffrey Wigoder, eds., NYU Press (2001) pp. 557-558.Note: this book is both a translation and an abridgement of the Pinkas haKehillot Polin.

Jakowlewo   Polesie dist., Poland, today Belarus. J. was founded as a J. farm settlement in 1849. The J. population was 354 in 1898 and 155 in 1921 (total 177). Under the Germans the Jews were brought to the Drohiczyn ghetto and liquidated in the Aktions of 26 July and 15 Oct., 1942.

Yakovlevo entry in Pinkas Hakehillot Polin: Encyclopedia of Jewish Communities in Poland, Spector, Shmuel, ed., Vol. V, p. 260, Yad Vashem, Jerusalem 1990 (Hebrew). Translation by Miriam Steinberg and Shira Abraham.

Also available at www.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/pinkas_poland/pol5_00260.html

Yakovlevo

Jewish agricultural moshav in the district and commonwealth of Drochiczyn.

            Year                 General Population                   Jews

1849                (?)                                            14 Families

1898                (?)                                            354 people

1921                177                                          155 people

The moshav of Yakovlevo was founded in 1849, in the days of the rule of Czar Nicoli the First, on the lands of the state. Most of the settlers in the place came from Slonim. Every family received 270 dunam. In the first years the settlers suffered from a lack of agricultural knowledge and an absence of funding to build farms.

In the end of the nineteenth century there was a strong agricultural situation. Every farm had a residence. The structure of the farm was 10 milk cows, work horses and more. The authority of the settlers was 3,620 dunam. On the agricultural [moshav] lived 202 people, and in the dead season in the winter months they earned wages from different jobs.  The rest of the settlers worked in labor throughout the year. The community buildings that were in this place were the Synagogue, the wash house, and the shared granary to shelter the grains after thrashing. The settlers serviced a butcher and a community prayer leader. The children learned with teachers whose levels were inferior. Attempts to open a school with the assistance of the “Group to Distribute Hascala” [the Enlightenment Movement] did not go well.

In the era of World War I the number of Jews in Yakovlevo decreased.  After the war 20 Christians were added.

In the era of the conquer, the Nazis brought the Jews of Yakovlevo to the Drochiczyn Ghetto and there they were killed together with the Jews of that place in two Aktions [round-ups]: 12 Av, 5702 (July 26, 1942) and 4 Cheshvan, 5703 (October 15, 1942).
Source: HaMelitz, March 5, 1883

Jakowlewo in The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, Spector, S. and Wigoder, G. eds., Vol. I, pp. 557-58 New York University Press, New York 2001.

Databases

The JewishGen Belarus Database is a multiple-database search containing more than 470,000 entries from Belarus which incorporates the following databases: JewishGen Family Finder (JGFF), JRI -Poland, Yizkor Book Necrologies, JewishGen Online Worldwide Burial Registry (JOWBR), Birth Records, Marriage Records, Belarus Names Database, Jewish Religious Personnel in the Russian Empire, 1853-1854, Vsia Rossiia , Grodno Gubernia 1912 Voters List, 1897 Census for Grodno Gubernia and much more! The database is a work in progress and new entries are being added regularly.


Links of Interest




Compiled by Debbie Kroopkin with significant research and input by
Miriam Steinberg, who has visited the site of Yakovlevo.
Last updated 30 March 2016
Copyright © 2010 Debbie Kroopkin
 Webmaster: Ron Miller



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