also known as: Irhócz (HU), Vulchovce (CZ), Vilkovtsy (RU), Vilkhovitz (Yid)
48°47' N / 22°39' E
~ Introduction ~
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Vil'khivtsy was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Irhócz in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Vulchovce in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Vilkovtsy and, since 1991, known as Vil'khivtsy, in the Tiachivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Vil'khivtsy was known as Vilkhovitz.
Other spellings/names for Vil'khivtsy are Oljachova, Ölyves, Vlahova, Vilkivka and Vil'chivka.
Vil'khivtsy is located about 7 miles ENE of Tyachiv (Técső).
Jews probably settled in Vil'khivtsy in the early 18th century.
In 1768, the Jewish Population was 11 Jewish families, and by 1880, the Jewish population was 409 (of a total population of 2,421).
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 727. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce, with 21 families in trade, 27 families in crafts and Jews owned four flour mills.
With the Hungarian occupation of Vil'khivtsy in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Vil'khivtsy were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 851 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Vil'khivtsy were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Vil'khivtsy were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Vil'khivtsy had about 3,374 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 1417
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and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Vil'khivtsy Jewish families: