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Verkhnya Vyznytsya, Ukraine
Верхня Виэниця, Yкраïна

also known as:
Felsõviznice (HU), Vyšné Vyznice (CZ), Vir'hnja Viznicja (RU)

48°32' N / 22°44' E


~ Introduction ~

( Click the arrow in the buttons below for pronunciation. )

Verkhnya Vyznytsya   was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Felsõviznice   in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Vyšné Vyznice   in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Vir'hnja Viznicja   and, since 1991, known as Verkhnya Vyznytsya, in the Mukachevskiy (Mukachivs'kyy) rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.

Other spellings/names for Verkhnya Vyznytsya are Felsõviznicze and Vyšni Viznice.

Verkhnya Vyznytsya is located about 9 miles N of Mukacheve (Munkács), 32 miles E of Uzhhorod (Ungvár).



~ Maps ~

Zakarpats'ka oblast, Ukraine
Map: Copyright ©2012 by Marshall J. KATZ


NOTE: Clicking a link will open a new page.

1910 Map: Bereg megye/F. Viznicze (Click map to enlarge it)
1910 Map (Topographical): Bereg megye/Felsõ-Viznice
Austro-Hungary Military Map: Bereg megye/Felsõ-viznice (Click map to enlarge it)


~ History ~

Jews probably settled in Verkhnya Vyznytsya in the first half of the 19th century.

In 1880, the Jewish population was 60 and by 1910, the Jewish population dropped to 49.

In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population increased to 82.

By 1930, the Jewish population decreased to 69.

By 1941, the Jewish population increased to 74.

Among the Jewish breadwinners were families that earned their livelihoods from commerce and farming.

With the Hungarian occupation of Verkhnya Vyznytsya in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1941, Jews from Verkhnya Vyznytsya were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.

In August, 1941, a number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.

The remaining Jews of Verkhnya Vyznytsya were deported to Auschwitz mid-May 1944.

A great many of the Jews from Verkhnya Vyznytsya were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors eventually settled elsewhere.

In 2001, Verkhnya Vyznytsya had about 1,453 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.


Sources (portions):
Budapest, c. 1941


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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA
with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
jAlbum
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Magic Toolbox
Nevek-Klarsfeld
Wikimedia Commons
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following

JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Verkhnya Vyznytsya Jewish families:

Igor STEINBERGER, USA

Updated: 27 February 2014

Copyright ©2012 Marshall J. Katz All rights reserved.

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