Verkhnya Vyznytsya, Ukraine Верхня Виэниця, Yкраïна
also known as: Felsõviznice (HU), Vyšné Vyznice (CZ), Vir'hnja Viznicja (RU)
48°32' N / 22°44' E
~ Introduction ~
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Verkhnya Vyznytsya was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Felsõviznice in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Vyšné Vyznice in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Vir'hnja Viznicja and, since 1991, known as Verkhnya Vyznytsya, in the Mukachevskiy (Mukachivs'kyy) rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Verkhnya Vyznytsya are Felsõviznicze and Vyšni Viznice.
Verkhnya Vyznytsya is located about 9 miles N of Mukacheve (Munkács), 32 miles E of Uzhhorod (Ungvár).
Jews probably settled in Verkhnya Vyznytsya in the first half of the 19th century.
In 1877, the Jewish population was 60 (of a total population of 556).
In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population continued to rise.
By 1941, the Jewish population was ???.
Among the Jewish breadwinners were families that earned their livelihoods from commerce and farming.
With the Hungarian occupation of Verkhnya Vyznytsya in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1941, Jews from Verkhnya Vyznytsya were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In August, 1941, a number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Verkhnya Vyznytsya were deported to Auschwitz mid-May 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Verkhnya Vyznytsya were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Verkhnya Vyznytsya had about 1,453 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001)
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