also known as: Turjaremete (HU), Turjanský Remety (CZ), Turyanremety (RU)
48°43' N / 22°36' E
~ Introduction ~
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Tur'i Remety was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Turjaremete in Ung megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Turjanský Remety in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Turyanremety and, since 1991, known as Tur'i Remety, in the Peretschynskyi rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Tur'i Remety are Turaremete, Turja Remete, Turjí Remety and Remetoturia. In Yiddish, Turi-Remety is known as Remit .
Turi-Remety is located about 19 miles NNW of Mukacheve (Munkács), 15 miles ENE of Uzhhorod (Ungvár).
Jews probably settled in Tur'i Remety in the first half of the 19th century.
In 1830, the Jewish population was 45.
By 1880, the Jewish population was 162 (of a total population of 1,371).
In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 177.
By 1941, the Jewish population dropped to 168.
Among the Jewish breadwinners were families that earned their livelihoods from trade (16 in trade and 10 in crafts) and some farmed. Jews also operated a distillery and a few belonged to the professional class (doctor, pharmacist or lawyer).
With the Hungarian occupation of Tur'i Remety in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1941, Jews from Tur'i Remety were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In August, 1941, a number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Tur'i Remety were deported to Auschwitz mid-May 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Tur'i Remety were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Tur'i Remety had about 3,340 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 1351
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