Name & Spelling in Various Languages
|Yiddish||טראַשקון||Trashkun, Troshkun, Trashkon|
|Lithuanian||Troškūnai (adj. Troškūnų)||Troshkunai (adj. Troshkunu)|
|Russian before 1920||Трашкуны||Trashkuni, Trashkuny|
|Russian after 1920||Трошкунай||Troshkunai, Troshkunay|
|Other Spellings||Troskun, Traskun, Traskon, Troshkon, Trashkin, Troszkun, Troskunai, Traskunai, Traškūnai, Traskianai, Trashkianai|
Location of Troškūnai
Troškūnai is located in:
- Utena County, Utenos Apskritis
- Anykščiai District Municipality, Anykščių rajono savivaldybė
- Troškūnai Parish or Eldership (the smallest administrative unit in Lithuania), Troškūnų Seniūnija
PREVIOUSLY: From 1843 to World War I, Troškūnai was part of Vilkomir (Ukmergė) district within Kovno province. Between the two world wars, Troškūnai was part of Panevėžys district.
In 1897 there were 779 Jews in Trashkun, 78% of the general population. In the summer of 1915 during World War I (1914-1918), the Jews were exiled into central Russia, their houses were destroyed and their possessions looted. After the war most of them returned to Trashkun and rebuilt their houses.
There were two synagogues in Trashkun. One of the last officiating rabbis of the community, Rabbi Schneur Reznikovitz, was known in the surrounding villages as "the holy one" (hakadosh) and was venerated by Jews and Gentiles alike.
During the period of Lithuania's independence (between the two world wars) the community had a school and a library. Most of the young people were in the Zionist group Hechalutz or in the Socialist Zionists. The Jews of Trashkun made a living in trade, artisanship and gardening. A wine distillery was in Jewish hands. Thursday was the weekly market day. The Jewish bank had 96 members in 1929; its director for many years was Rabbi Moshe Yakov Shmukler. Prior to World War II there were about 120 Jewish families in Trashkun.
For a more extensive historical and cultural overview, see the chapter "Troškūnai (Trashkun)" from Josef Rosin's book Protecting Our Litvak Heritage. (NOTE: Rosin's photos of the cemetery and monument are erroneously identified as being from Trashkun. Here are photos of Trashkun's actual Old Jewish Cemetery and monuments to Jews murdered in the summer of 1941.)
Images of Trashkun, past & present (click images to enlarge)
VIDEO Trashkun (Troškūnai) in 1989 [0:38]
In Memoriam Donald Ugent, 1933-2011
Don Ugent established the Troškūnai shtetlink, as it was then called, in 2003. The Ugent (Yuzint) family lived in Troškūnai and nearby Raguva for many generations. Don and his wife Vivian visited Lithuania in 2001 and 2002, and Don's photographs of Trashkun gravestones appear on our Old Jewish Cemetery page. Don received his B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. in botany and genetics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In 1967 he joined the botany faculty at the State University of Illinois-Carbondale, where he became internationally known as an ethno and economic botanist, taxonomist, geneticist, author, and authority on the origins of wild and cultivated potatoes, especially ancient species from Peru and the Andes.