KehilaLinks/JewishGen

Trashkun (Troškūnai), Lithuania
Yizkor date: 23 August 1941 • 30 Av 5701

Lithuania
Troskunai town sign

(click to enlarge)

Name & Spelling in Various Languages

Yiddish טראַשקון Trashkun, Troshkun, Trashkon
Lithuanian Troškūnai (adj. Troškūnų) Troshkunai (adj. Troshkunu)
Polish Traszkuny Trashkuni, Trashkuny
Russian before 1920 Трашкуны Trashkuni, Trashkuny
Russian after 1920 Трошкунай Troshkunai, Troshkunay
Other Spellings Troskun, Traskun, Traskon, Troshkon, Trashkin, Troszkun, Troskunai, Traskunai, Traškūnai, Traskianai, Trashkianai

Location of Troškūnai

Relief map of Lithuania

Latitude 55°59´N, Longitude 24°85´E • 66 miles NNW of Vilnius

Map of Troškūnai. View on Open Street Map

Troškūnai is located in:

PREVIOUSLY: From 1843 to World War I, Troškūnai was part of Vilkomir (Ukmergė) district within Kovno province. Between the two world wars, Troškūnai was part of Panevėžys district.

JewishGen Resource Mapping for Troškūnai

Overview(back to top)

In 1897 there were 779 Jews in Trashkun, 78% of the general population. In the summer of 1915 during World War I (1914-1918), the Jews were exiled into central Russia, their houses were destroyed and their possessions looted. After the war most of them returned to Trashkun and rebuilt their houses.

There were two synagogues in Trashkun. One of the last officiating rabbis of the community, Rabbi Schneur Reznikovitz, was known in the surrounding villages as "the holy one" (hakadosh) and was venerated by Jews and Gentiles alike.

During the period of Lithuania's independence (between the two world wars) the community had a school and a library. Most of the young people were in the Zionist group Hechalutz or in the Socialist Zionists. The Jews of Trashkun made a living in trade, artisanship and gardening. A wine distillery was in Jewish hands. Thursday was the weekly market day. The Jewish bank had 96 members in 1929; its director for many years was Rabbi Moshe Yakov Shmukler. Prior to World War II there were about 120 Jewish families in Trashkun.

Jewish Communities Database of the Beit Hatfutsot, The Museum of the Jewish People

Inventory of Trashkun Property Owners in 1810

For a more extended historical and cultural overview, see the chapter "Troškūnai (Trashkun)" from Josef Rosin's book Protecting Our Litvak Heritage.

Images of Trashkun, past & present (click images to enlarge) (back to top)

VIDEO Trashkun (Troškūnai) in 1989 [0:38]

Trashkun, 1800

Trashkun circa 1800

Trashkun, 1928

Trashkun in 1928

Trashkun, 1930

Jewish quarter of Trashkun in 1930

tree planting, 1930

Planting trees in market square, 1930

Trashkun street in 1944

Vilniaus gatvė in Trashkun, 1944

house in Trashkun

House in Trashkun, date unknown

school for Jewish girls

School for Jewish girls

marketplace

Site of former marketplace in Trashkun, 1998

house in Trashkun

House in Trashkun, 1998

house in Trashkun

House in Trashkun, 1998

street in Trashkun

Vilniaus gatvė in Trashkun, 1998

pond

Pond in Trashkun, 1998

pond road

Pond road in Trashkun, 1998

view from cemetery

View from Old Jewish Cemetery, 1998

Old Jewish Cemetery

Old Jewish Cemetery, 2012

Don Ugent in Raguva
In Memoriam Donald Ugent, 1933-2011

Don Ugent established the Troškūnai shtetlink, as it was then called, in 2003. The Ugent (Yuzint) family lived in Troškūnai and nearby Raguva for many generations. Don and his wife Vivian visited Lithuania in 2001 and 2002, and Don's photographs of Trashkun gravestones appear on our Old Jewish Cemetery page. Don received his B.S., M.S. and Ph.D. in botany and genetics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison. In 1967 he joined the botany faculty at the State University of Illinois-Carbondale, where he became internationally known as an ethno and economic botanist, taxonomist, geneticist, author, and authority on the origins of wild and cultivated potatoes, especially ancient species from Peru and the Andes.

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