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Until the Holocaust, Jews, who made up about half of Stropkov, owned most of the stores in town, dealing in groceries, fabrics, salt, lumber and building materials. Jews were also farmers, tavern keepers, bankers, teachers, lawyers, butchers, bakers, leatherworkers, metalworkers, shoemakers, seamstresses, tailors, and cobblers…. But for all their efforts, mos lived in poverty. Even into the twentieth century, few Jewish Stropkovers had running water, ice boxes, telephones, or radios. But they enjoyed a spiritually rewarding way of life.
Shtetl Variant name: Stropko (Hungarian)
1914-1918: During World War One,
· 1938: The Slovakian government adopts anti-Semitic economic and social measures.
· August 1944: Slovak National Uprising defeated.
October 1944: German Occupation of
· 1945: Slovakian Liberation by the
· 1991: "Velvet Revolution" creates the
Dateline Jewish Stropkov
· c1650: Jews arrive in Stropkov, possibly fleeing Polish pogroms.
· c1700: Jews are exiled from Stropkov to Tisinec, a village just north, where they establish the Tisinec Jewish Cemetery.
· c1800: Jews return to Stropkov.
· c1800-1942: "Mother" Stropkov, the largest Jewish congregation in the area, shares her religious facilities (synagogues, burial societies, kosher butchers, rabbinical court, mikveh, and school system) with Jews in nearby "daughter" villages.
· 1892: Jews dedicate the Stropkov Jewish cemetery, discontinuing burials in Tisinec.
· 1939: The anti-Semitic Hlinka Party controls the Stropkov Town Council.
· 1942: Jews of Stropkov-area number c2000 souls.
May-October 1942: Hlinka deports Stropkov-area Jews to
· October 1944: Countrywide Deportations resume.
· November 1944: Russian Forces liberate Stropkov.
· c100 Stropkover Jews survive.
Research Links and Databases
Explore Jewish Life in Stropkov:
Explore Stropkov in Holocaust Resources:
Fate of the May 23, 1942 transport to Rejowiec, Poland
Their Fate-- listing Jewish Stropkovers 1942-45: those who perished, those who survived
excerpted from Amsel, Melody,
Between Galicia and Hungary: The Jews of Stropkov,
Explore Stropkov in General Databases:
Amsel, Melody, Between
Weinstein, Avraham Avish, Seyfer Zichron Stropkov, (
"Genealogical Adventure," M. Amsel, Avotaynu, The International Review of Jewish Genealogy, Number 4, Winter 1997.
Holocaust Victims from a
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