also known as: Ószemere (HU), Simera Stará (CZ), Simer (RU)
48°44' N / 22°31' E
~ Introduction ~
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Simer was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1918 and 1938-1944) with the name of Ószemere in Ung megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938) with the name of Simera Stará in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Simer snd, since 1991, known as Simer, in the Perechynskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Simer is located about 15 miles NNE of Uzhhorod (Ungvár).
Jews probably settled in Simer in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 18 (of a total population of 557).
In 1910, the Jewish population was 33.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 39. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture, while others were involved in the trades and commerce.
In 1930, the Jewish population was 40.
With the Hungarian occupation of Simer in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Simer were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had decreased to 32 and it was at this time, Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Simer were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Simer were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Simer had about 1,856 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): Budapest
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Nikoli KATZ, USA Lo Tishkach Foundation - European Jewish Cemeteries Initiative Magic Toolbox
Joel SCHNITZER, USA
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Simer Jewish families: