also known as: Salánk (HU), Šalanky (CZ), Shalanki (RU), Salanyie (Yid)
48°13' N / 22°53' E
~ Introduction ~
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Shalanky was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Salánk in Ugocsa megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Šalanky in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Shalanki and, since 1991, known as Shalanky, in the Vynohradivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Shalanky was known as Salanyie.
Other spellings/names for Shalanky are Schalanky and Salanki.
Shalanky is located about 8 miles WNW of Vynohradiv (Nagyszőllős).
Jews probably settled in Shalanky early in the 18th century with two Jewish families present in 1730. Later, these Jewish families moved elsewhere.
Jews settled again in Shalanky late 19th in the century. In 1880, the Jewish population was 80 (of a total population of 1,525).
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 145. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
With the Hungarian occupation of Shalanky in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Shalanky were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 152 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Shalanky were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Shalanky were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Shalanky had about 311 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 1122
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and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Shalanky Jewish families: