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Shchadryn (Scadryn), Belarus

Last updated November 10, 2013

Glossary of Terms

 


If you, like me, grew up without speaking or understanding Polish, Russian, Belarussian, or Yiddish, this page may be useful in understanding some of the words found throughout Belarus Jewish genealogy sites and original documents. Please note that there may be a number of transliterated spellings of foreign words into English - the spellings of Shchedrin is a good example of this. I've tried to use the spelling most commonly encountered, or the one I encountered, in this glossary.

There are some online translation resources that can be used in translating words, phrases or complete documents. They are listed after the glossary.

 

desyatin

also dziestiatun, dz. 1.09 hectares (10,900 sq. meters = 2.9 acres)

dolne

lower Pol; as in Ustrzyki Dolne (Lower Ustrzyki)

gmina

town Pol

gorne

upper Pol; as in Ustrzyki Gorne (Upper Ustrzyki)

gubernia

province; pl. gubernii, guberne. Shchedrin is presently in the Minsk Gubernia.

kolkhoz

collective farm

miasto powiat

country town Pol

miasteczko

towns Pol

mila

seven versts

morg

same as wloka: 0.5599 hectares (1.38 acres)

pood

16.38 kilograms (36.12 pounds)

shtetl

small village or town; pl. shtetlach

uezd

district

verst

also viost, wiorst: 1.06 kilometers (3500 feet, 0.663 miles)

volost

hamlet Pol

vysokoye

upper (same as wisoko), as in Vysokoye-Litovsk (Upper Litovsk)

wies

village Pol

wisoko

upper

wloka

0.5599 hectares (1.38 acres)

 

Online Translation Resources

Google Russian-English Translator

Lexilogos Russian-English/English-Russian Translation

Freedict English-Russian/Russian English Dictionary

Foreignword.com - Belarusian, Russian, Czech, Polish, Slovenian, Slovak, Bulgarian, Chechen, Estonian, German, Hebrew, Hungarian, Lithuanian, Latvian, Romanian, Serbian...and more!

Voycabulary - Russian and Polish, webpages or text; rather than translating, it provides links to the appropriate dictionary entries.

Cyrillic (Russian) Alphabet - while not providing translations, this will help you do letter-by-letter translations from Cyrillic to English.

Intertran Produces several software packages that can translate Russian, Polish, Slovenen, Romanian, Serbian, German, Czech, Croatian and Bulgarian, languages most other online translators do not; can translate websites and typed text.


ShtetLinks Scadryn Site Index
These include some sites outisde of JewishGen.org

Historical InformationPersonal AccountsReference Information/Sites
HomeHarry Katz: Pittsburgh SchedrinnersBelarus, Minsk & Schedrin Maps
Goldmann Museum: SchedrinKaplans: From Schedrin to Sioux CityFamily Names in Schedrin
Founding of SchedrinSara PlotkinSchedrin Family Researchers
Russian Law & Jewish FarmingSchedrin DescedentsWhat's in a Name?
Schedrin ReunionsHistory of the Family GolodetzEvolution of Names
Glossary

http://www.kehilalinks.jewishgen.org/Scadryn/glossary.html

Site created and maintained by Melissa Kaplan.