||Alternate spellings: Raczki [Pol], Rotzk [Yid], Rachki [Rus], Rackos [Lith], Rotchky, Ratzk|
RACZKI - Northeast Poland -12 mi NW Augustow, 10 mi SW Suwalki - 53°59' N, 22°47' E. (Raczki is both a town and administrative district (Gminy Raczki). 2001 Polska Organizacja Turystyczna
The Jewish History of Raczki
The Suwalki survivors of the holocaust have collectively written two Memorial Books for Suwalki city and surrounding shtetls including Raczki. Hundreds of such books are online and in various stages of translation by the Jewishgen Yizkor Book Project. These are very poignant stories related to the birth, life, and fate of the Jewish communities in Europe.
The 1961 Suwalk Yizkor Book [Yisker Bukh Suvalk, 826 pages, Yiddish] edited by Berl Kagan in New York is currently in translation to English with many small chapters already completed. The original Yiddish verion is avallable online at the NYC Public Library.
The 1989 Suwalki Yizkor Book [Sefer kehilat Suvalk u-benotehah, 439 pages Hebrew, 57 pages English, dozens of memorials with photos and large necrology index] edited by Yehuda Alroi and Yosef Chrust and published in Tel Aviv. The English chapers are already indexed and the published version is online at the NYC Public Library.
Both books have excellent Tables of Content and indexes to names and places.
Raczki Historic Timeline
New Raczki Emigration Data!!!
Raczki has no known vital records (aka civil records: births, marriages, deaths) or census data for the 19th and early 20th century. To assist genealogy reseachers we have created over 800 records from emigrants who were born and/or resided in Raczki. The primary source is shiplists with additions from a few dozen other documents at the destinations. The shiplist data gives the important birth year (within 1 year and can often link families/relatives when they travel together.
Over the years manifests from the various ports have added other key data such as occupations (abt 1840), ethnicity/nationality (abt 1850), last residence & city/state destinations (late 1890s), and by 1900 full destination names and addresses. The later items may be real gems for genealogy researchers.
19th Century Raczki Documents
Two original taxpayer lists give the names of male Jewish taxpayers in the town of Raczki and surrounding villages at two fixed years in the 19th century. While not a census this give the names of Jewish familes who paid taxes or were likely eligible for military service.
Click here for both lists: 1826 and 1863
These lists include the head of household and working male adult children as well as occupations. The 1826 list had 49 individuals with patrynomic names which link fathers and sons. By 1863 surnames were frequently used and these help identify close male family members but not necessarily the relationships. The general rule for surnames was one unique surname for each family in the same area. The 1863 List for Raczki has 243 residing in Raczki and 23 from nearby small towns. There are 8 alphabetic sublists that may be streets or close neighborhoods. We have no detailed maps of Raczki but one 1886 reference states that Raczki had 16 streets.
The most numerous occupation is the Polish word handlarz which can mean merchant, dealer, peddler or huckster. The 2nd and 3rd largest occupations are tailor and shoemaker. Most other occupations are basic trades. The top 12 occupations by frequency are:
Raczki - Jewishgen Communities DataBase on Jewishgen.com
Google Translate - Polish to English translate text, web pages or documents. note: This tool seems to work best when using Google Chrome as the browser.Polish Genealogy Society of America
Raczki researchers/descendants are encouraged to submit corrections and new information, maps, photos, etc.) to the Webmaster below.
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Last Updated on July 21, 2017
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