also known as: Zádnya (HU), Zadne (CZ), Zadneye / Priborzhavskoye (RU)
48°21' N / 23°14' E
~ Introduction ~
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Pryborzhavs'ke was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Zádnya in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Zadne in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Zadneye and, since 1991, known as Pryborzhavs'ke, in the Irshavsky (Irshavs'kyy) rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Pryborzhavs'ke are Priborzhavskoye, Zadna, Zaenya and Zadnye. In Yiddish, Pryborzhavs'ke is known as Zadne
Pryborzhavs'ke is located about 12 miles NNW of Khust (Huszt) and 9 miles ENE of Irshava.
Jews probably settled in Pryborzhavs'ke in the first half of the 18th century with one Jewish family living here in 1746.
In 1830, the Jewish population was 40.
By 1880, the Jewish population was 118 (of a total population of 1,364).
In 1930, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 371.
By 1941, the Jewish population was 409.
Among the Jewish breadwinners were families that earned their livelihoods from trade (20), artisans (9), and a few were farmers. Jews also owned two flour mills.
With the Hungarian occupation of Pryborzhavs'ke in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1941, dozens of Jews from Pryborzhavs'ke were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In August, 1941, a number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Pryborzhavs'ke were deported to Auschwitz mid-May 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Pryborzhavs'ke were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Pryborzhavs'ke had about 3,585 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001), p. 1480
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