also known as: Alsószelistye (HU), Nižné Selišťe (CZ), Nizhneye Selishche (RU), Selishtsh (Yid)
48°11' N / 23°27' E
~ Introduction ~
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Nyzhnye Selyshche was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Alsószelistye in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Nižné Selišťe in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Nizhneye Selishche and, since 1991, known as Nyzhnye Selyshche, in the Khustskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Nyzhnye Selyshche was known as Selishtsh.
Other spellings/names for Nyzhnye Selyshche are Nižni Selišťe, Nizhne Selishťye, Nyizsnye Szeliscse and Nyschnje Selyschtsche.
Nyzhnye Selyshche is located about 10 miles NNE of Khust (Huszt).
Jews probably settled in Nyzhnye Selyshche in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was nnn (of a total population of n,nnn).
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to nnn. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture. Of the youth groups, the most active were the Orthodox, such as Pirhei Agudat Israel.
With the Hungarian occupation of Nyzhnye Selyshche in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Nyzhnye Selyshche were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to nnn and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Nyzhnye Selyshche, about nnn, were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Nyzhnye Selyshche were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Nyzhnye Selyshche had about 3,044 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 416
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