also known as: Hársfalva (HU), Nelipino (CZ), Nelipyno (RU)
48°34' N / 23°02' E
~ Introduction ~
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Nelipyno was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Hársfalva in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Nelipino in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Nelipyno and, since 1991, known as Nelipyno, in the Svaliava rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Nelipyno are Nelipino, Nelipeno, Nelipyne and Nelepino.
Nelipyno is located about 17 miles ENE of Mukacheve (Munkács), 3 miles ENE of Svalyava (Szolyva).
Jews probably settled in Nelipyno in the first half of the 18th century.
In 1830, the Jewish population was nine.
By 1880, the Jewish population was 209 (of a total population of 795).
In 1921, under Czechoslovakian rule, the Jewish population rose to 496.
By 1941, the Jewish population rose to 672 (of a total population of 2,765).
Among the Jewish breadwinners were families that earned their livelihoods from commerce and farming.
With the Hungarian occupation of Nelipyno in March, 1939, Jews were pushed out of their occupations. Several men were drafted into forced labor battalions in 1941 and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In August, 1941, a number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Nelipyno were deported to Auschwitz mid-May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Nelipyno were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Nelipyno had about 3,554 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 880
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