also known as: Lukovo (HU), Lukova (CZ), Lukovo (RU), Lukove (Yid)
48°19' N / 23°12' E
~ Introduction ~
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Lukovo was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Lukovo in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Lukova in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Lukovo and, since 1991, known as Lukovo, in the Irshavskyi rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Lukovo was known as Lukove.
Other spellings/names for Lukovo are Lukowo and Lukove.
Lukovo is located about 9 miles ENE of Irshava (Ilosva).
Jews probably settled in Lukovo in the late 18th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 61 (of a total population of 586), and in 1910, 79.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 77. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
By 1930, the Jewish population decreased to 66.
With the Hungarian occupation of Lukovo in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Lukovo were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had decreased to 62 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Lukovo were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Lukovo were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Lukovo had about 1,558 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 416 Budapest, 1941
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA jAlbum
Nikoli KATZ, USA Magic Toolbox
Ari TESSLER, Belgium
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Lukovo Jewish families: