also known as: Füzesmezö (HU), Loza (CZ), Loza (RU)
48°18' N / 23°03' E
~ Introduction ~
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Loza was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Füzesmezö in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Loza in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Loza and, since 1991, known as Loza, in the Irshavsky rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Loza are Lóza and Lozo.
Loza is located about 1 mile SE of Irshava (Ilosva).
Jews probably settled in Loza in the mid-18th century.
Three Jewish families were present in 1768 and by 1880, the Jewish population was 119 (of a total population of 637).
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 181. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture and commerce.
With the Hungarian occupation of Loza in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Loza were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 200 and it was at this time, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Loza were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Loza were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Loza had about 1,245 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 750
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
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Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Loza Jewish families: