Lodz Chevra Kadisha 

in the 19th Century and Beginnings of the Jewish Community

Contents

Right: An early book of the Chevra Kadisha (Jewish Burial Society) in Lodz. Click on the image for a larger view.

"The few dozen Jews who were permitted to live in Lodz were tailors whose services were essential to the gentile community. They had their own guild and a shack where they met to discuss the restrictions imposed upon them by their gentile neighbors. On a table inside this shack stood a plain wooden ark containing a scroll of Law, since Jews also conducted their services there. They had no rabbi, ritual bath or cemetery. If a woman had to visit the ritual bath, she was taken to a stream outside of town and protected against the depredations of gentile youths. In winter, a hole was chopped in the ice, and the women immersed themselves. Jewish corpses were transported by peasant cart to the community of Leczyca, of which the Jews were officially a part."  

--from The Brothers Ashkenazi, by I. J. Singer

Beginnings of the Jewish Community

Shochet (ritual slaughterer) in Lodz by 1807; also taught religion. Kahal (Jewish community) of Lodz established in 1809, becoming independent of the Leczyca Kahal; established  by:
  • Fajtlowicz, Mojzesz (1767-1837), baker; son of Azrjel of Piotrkow; father of Abraham, grandfather of Elchanan Icchak; moved to Lodz in 1800
  • Zajdler, Pinkus (1778-1851), son of Chaim of Przedborz; father of Lewek and Daniel; moved to Lodz in 1795
First Sheliyah Tzibur (leader of services) of the Lodz Jewish community:
  • Fajtlowicz, Mojzesz (1767-1837), baker; son of Azrjel of Piotrkow; father of Abraham, grandfather of Elchanan Icchak; moved to Lodz in 1800
Shames (sexton):
  • ZOLNIERSKI (vel ARONOWICZ), Szlomo (1774-1835), son of Aron
  • PRASZKER, Hersz Lajb, shames under Rabbi Eliasz Chaim MAJZEL; wife: Tauba Jenta, daughter of Nisan KROL of Zdunska Wola 
First cemetery established in 1811 by two elders of the Jewish community (prior to this date, the Jews of Lodz were buried in Lutomiersk, Strykow or Zgierz): 
  • Orbach, Menachem Mendel Moskowicz, son of Wolf ORBACH, rabbi of Leczyca; moved to Lodz from "Gniezna" in 1809; brother of Mojzesz; wife: Rachel, children: Izak and Michal; second wife: widow of Dawid KOHN, son of rabbi of Warta, Nechemjasz KOHN
  • Zonenberg, Pinkus (1774-1830) (cohen), son of Cwi Hersz of Lask; children: Jakob Wolek, Ite HAMBURSKI, Taube ROZENBLATT, and a daughter of unknown name; moved to Lodz in 1797

Founding Members of the Chevra Kadisha

Chevra Kadisha Founding members of <>Chevra Kadisha:
  • ____, Joel son of I.
  • Fajtlowicz, Mojzesz (1767-1837), baker; son of Azrjel of Piotrkow; father of Abraham, grandfather of Elchanan Icchak; moved to Lodz in 1800
  • GROSMAN, Samuel, born in Lodz; baker; son of Aszer of Nowe Miasto
  • Heber, Lewek (Becalel Jehuda Lejb) (1789?-1839), son of Jakob of Lutomiersk; father of Mordechaj Izak, Sare, Chaje BRZEZINSKI, Szandle ORBACH, Rajze BRONOWSKI, and an unknown daughter married to BLAWAT; moved to Lodz in 1801
  • KROMHOLTZ, Mosiek, son of Izak of Staszow; moved to Lodz in 1811
  • Lipman (LITMAN), Szmul (Samuel) (b. 1782), son of Eleazar of Dabie; moved to Lodz in 1809
  • MENDLOWICZ ?, Abraham (b. 1879), son of Lewi 
  • Ordynans, Cwi Hersz (1775-1836), tailor; son of Izrael of Lutomiersk; moved to Lodz in 1792
  • Zajdler, Pinkus (1778-1851), son of Chaim of Przedborz; father of Lewek and Daniel; moved to Lodz in 1795
  • Zonenberg, Pinkus (1767 or 1774-1830) (cohen), son of Cwi Hersz of Lask; children: Jakob Wolek, Ite HAMBURSKI, Taube ROZENBLATT, and a daughter of unknown name; moved to Lodz in 1797

Chevra Kadisha Members, by Surname 

  • _____, Icchak Jakob, son of Sz.
  • _____, Jakob Lejb, son of I. of Strykow
  • _____, Jechiel, son of M.
  • _____, Josef, son of Abraham of Dzialoszyn
  • _____, Samuel Jechezkiel, son of J.
  • _____, Szlomo Iccak, son of M.
  • _____, Szlomo, son of Sz. Segal
  • _____, Zalkind, son of Sz.
  • ABRAHAMOWICZ, Josek
  • Aronowicz, Iccak Ajzyk, son of A. of Strykow
  • BALBIRSKI, Salomon
  • BERGER, Baruch
  • Berger, Ojzer (Lajzer), son of M. (Mordechaj)
  • BIRNBAUM, Joz.
  • BLACHMAN, Hersz
  • BLAWAT, Szlomo Icchak
  • Bronowski, Abraham, son of Cwi Lejb; father of Witel KAMINER
  • Bronowski, Lejb (Lewek) (1770-1837), son of Jedydji of Parzeczew; wife: Fajga; father of Abraham and Meir (Meir's children: Izrael, Samuel Izak -- whose son Abraham moved to London, where his son Jakob attended Cambridge University -- Estera FRANKFURTER, Hene Jute, Malka OLSZTAJN, Taube MILGROM) (Chevra Kadisha board member)
  • DOBRANICKI, A.
  • DOBRANICKI, Jakob
  • ELBINGER, N.
  • Fajtlowicz, Abraham, son of Mojzesz of Piotrkow
  • FAJTLOWICZ, Elchanan Icchak
  • FRIEDMAN
  • GINSBURG
  • GOLDBERG, Chanoch Henich (Chevra Kadisha board member)
  • GOLDENRAT, Jakob
  • GRINBERG, Jehoszua Heszel
  • GUTERMAN, Joel
  • Haber (HEBER), Jakob
  • HEBER, Mordechaj
  • Hamburski, Elchanan, son of Fiszel of Przedborz
  • HAMBURSKI, Jakob
  • HAYMAN family
  • HONIKSZTOK, Meir
  • KIENIK (KOENIG), Gdalje
  • KEMPINSKI, I.
  • KESTENBERG, M., father of Jakob KESTENBERG
  • Kochanski, Awigdor Moszkowicz, son of M.; moved to Lodz in 1809 from "Kaly"; children: Izak Jakob, Samuel, Daniel, Hirsz, Estera (wife of Wewl LEWKOWICZ) and Laja (wife of Gedalje KENIG; children: Fiszel, Izrael, Jechiel Michal, Beryl, and Golda - wife of Samuel Zanwel BERGER)
  • KONSZTADT, H.
  • KROHN, Jekel (Jakob)
  • Kromholtz, Icek, son of M. of Staszow
  • Lajzerowicz, Daniel, son of Mordechaj
  • Lajzerowicz, Zalman Dawidowicz, son of Daniel of Strykow
  • LANDE
  • LASKI, M.
  • LEWIN, Abraham Mendlowicz
  • LIKIERNIK
  • LIPSKI, Hersz
  • Majus, Jozef
  • MORGENSZTERN, L.
  • MRZYGLOD, Abraham
  • MULARSKI (vel SIERADZKI), Jakob
  • ODESKI, Zolna
  • OLSZTAJN, Jakob
  • Orbach, Menachem Mendel Moskowicz (1772-1864), son of Mojzesz of Dobra; father of Rachel (Chevra Kadisha board member)
  • ORBACH, Michal
  • ORBACH, Szlomo Zalkind
  • Pilgrom (PILGRIM), Lejb Dawid 
  • Pilgrom, Mojzesz Zeejw, son of PILGROM, A.
  • POZNANSKI, I.
  • PRUSSAK, Abr. J.
  • Rokicki, Cwi Hersz Dawidowicz, son of D. of Lublin
  • ROZENBLAT, Dawid
  • ROZENBLAT, Jakob
  • ROZENBLAT, Szaja
  • Salomonowicz, Rabbi Yehudah Aryeh (Lewek) of Widawa
  • Segal, Szmerl (1769-1849), son of Juda of Opoczno; children: Jekutiel Zyskind, Elijahu of Konstantynow, Eleazar, Tauba HORONCZYK (wife of Saul HORONCZYK "Saul Leczycer"; children: Jechezkiel, Szymon Abe, Gitle Rebeka - wife of Eleazar Kenig, Temera - wife of Jechezkiel FRENKEL, Fajga - wife of Izrael FUKS, and Mendel Henich)
  • SEGAL (SIGAL), Zysman
  • SIERADZKI (vel MULARSKI), Jakob
  • SIKAWSKI, Josek
  • WAJNGARTEN, Icchak
  • WASSERMAN, Saul
  • ZAJDEMAN
  • ZAJDLER, Daniel
  • ZAJDLER, Lewek
  • ZALTZMAN, Szmul
  • ZAND
  • ZONENBERG, Jakob Wolek
  • Zonenberg, Zeejw Wolf, son of Pinkus
  • ZYLBERMAN, Gecel

Chevra Kadisha Elders and Electorate, by Year

Year
Elders
 (these names are likely to appear as witnesses on death records)
Electorate 
1811 GROSMAN, Samuel  
  ZONENBERG, Cwi  
  FAJTLOWICZ, Mojzesz  
1812 GROSMAN, Samuel GROSMAN, Samuel
  ____, Jozef, son of A. of Lask ORDYNANS, Cwi
    ZAJDLER, Pinchas
1813 FAJTLOWICZ, Mojzesz FAJTLOWICZ, Mojzesz
  ____, Jozef, son of A. of Lask ____, Jozef, son of A. of Lask
    HEBER, Jehuda Lejb
1814 FAJTLOWICZ, Mojzesz SEGAL, Szmeril
  HEBER, Becalel Jehuda Lejb HEBER, Becalel Jehuda Lejb
    GROSMAN, Samuel
1815 FAJTLOWICZ, Mojzesz SEGAL, Szmeril
  HEBER, Becalel Jehuda Lejb HEBER, Becalel Jehuda Lejb
    KROMHOLTZ, Icchak
1816 FAJTLOWICZ, Mojzesz ROKICKI, Cwi, son of D. (cohen)
  ROKICKI ?, Cwi ZONENBERG, Pinchas
    HEBER, Becalel Jehuda Lejb
1817 FAJTLOWICZ, Mojzesz Salomonowicz, Rabbi Yehudah Aryeh (Lewek), head rabbi of Lodz
  GROSMAN, Samuel KROMHOLTZ, Icchak
    MENDLOWICZ, Abraham, son of Lewi
1818 FAJTLOWICZ, Mojzesz ZAJDLER, Pinchas
  ODESKI, Szlomo Zalman KOCHANSKI, Awigdor
    KOCHANSKI, Symcha
1819 FAJTLOWICZ, Mojzesz ____, Cwi, son of D.
  GROSMAN, Samuel ZONENBERG, Pinchas
    ____, Jozef, son of A.
1820 HEBER, Becalel Jehuda Lejb HEBER, Becalel Jehuda Lejb
  LITMAN, Samuel (Szmul) LITMAN, Samuel (Szmul)
    BRONOWSKI ?, Abraham
1821 GROSMAN, Samuel GROSMAN, Samuel
  LITMAN, Samuel (Szmul) ____, Jozef, son of A.
    ODESKI, Szlomo Zalman
1822 ZONENBERG, Pinchas ____, Cwi, son of r. D.
  ORBACH, Menachem Mendel ORBACH, Menachem Mendel
    ODESKI, Szlomo Zalman
1831 BERGER, Ojzer BERGER, Ojzer
  FAJTLOWICZ, Mojzesz ORBACH, Menachem Mendel
    KOCHANSKI, Symcha
1832 ORBACH, Menachem Mendel ORBACH, Menachem Mendel
  FAJTLOWICZ, Mojzesz BRONOWSKI, Abraham
    HAMBURSKI, Elchanan
1833 HAMBURSKI, Elchanan ____, Samuel, son of I.
  FAJTLOWICZ, Mojzesz ZONENBERG, Jakob Wolek
    GUTERMAN ?, Joel, son of I.
1834 HAMBURSKI, Elchanan GROSMAN, Samuel
  ORBACH, Menachem Mendel ZONENBERG, Jakob Wolek
    HEBER, Becalel Jehuda Lejb
1835 ODESKI, Szlomo Zalman BERGER, Ojzer
  ORBACH, Menachem Mendel ZAJDLER, Pinchas
    ZAJDLER, Arje Lejb
1836 ODESKI, Szlomo Zalkind ZALTZMAN, Szmul Jechezkiel
  ORBACH, Menachem Mendel BRONOWSKI, Abraham
    KOCHANSKI, Awigdor
1840 PILGRIM, Mojzesz Lejb ZALTZMAN, Szmul Jechezkiel
  ZAJDLER, Arje (Lewek) ZONENBERG, Jakob Wolek
    GOLDENRAT, Jakob Jehuda
1841   ZONENBERG, Jakob Wolek
    ____, Mojzesz, son of A.
      KOCHANSKI, Awigdor
1842 ZONENBERG, Jakob Wolek  
  ZADLER, Arje (Lewek)  
     ODESKI, Szlomo Zalman, assistant  
     LIPSKI (lewit), Cwi, assistant  
1850 PILGRIM, Mojzesz  
  ____, Icchak Jakob, son of Sz.  
1851 BERGER, Ojzer ____, Szlomo Zalkind, son of Samuel
  KOCHANSKI, Samuel ____, Baruch, son of Mordechaj
    ____, Abraham, son of Jehuda Lejb
1852 BERGER, Ojzer BRONOWSKI, Abraham
  BIRENCWAJG, Icchak BIRENCWAJG, Icchak
     GUTERMAN, Chaim Joel (taking the place of Icchak BIRENCWAJG) LEWANDA, Szmul Icchak
1853 BERGER, Ojzer BLAWAT, Szlomo Icchak
  HEBER, Mordechaj DOBRANICKI, Jakob
    GOLDENRAT, Jakob Lejb
1855 BERGER, Ojzer FAJTLOWICZ, Elchanan Icchak
  KOCHANSKI, Samuel WARSZAWSKI, Jakob (lewit)
    GOLDENRAT, Jakob
1856 ORBACH, Zalkind GOLDBERG, Henoch
  _____, Becalel Jehuda WARSZAWSKI, Jakob (lewit)
    SIKAWSKI ?, Josek, son of A.
1859 HEBER, Mordechaj Icchak  
  FAJTLOWICZ, Elchanan Icchak  
  BLAWAT, Szlomo Icchak  
     DOBRANICKI, Jakob, cashier  
1860 BLAWAT, Szlomo Icchak GOLDBERG, Henoch
  HEBER, Mordechaj Icchak BRONOWSKI, Abraham
  FAJTLOWICZ, Elchanan Icchak FAJTLOWICZ, Elchanan Icchak
     ____, I. son of Mojzesz, cashier  WALK ?, Cwi Hersz 
    MRZYGLOD, Abraham
1861 HEBER, Mordechaj Icchak  
  FAJTLOWICZ, Elchanan Icchak  
  BLAWAT, Szlomo Icchak  
     DOBRANICKI, Jakob, cashier  
1864 HEBER, Mordechaj WASERMAN, Mojzesz
  WARSZAWSKI, Jakob (lewit) ____, Mojzesz Icchak
     POZNANSKI, Izrael Kalmanowicz, cashier SEGAL, Zysman
    GRINBERG, Jehoszua Heszel
    TIRKER ?, Herszel

Source

Friedman, Philip (Filip) and Pinchas Gliksman. Stary cmentarz Zydowski w Lodzi: dzieje i zabytki (Old Jewish Cemetery in Lodz: Records and Relic Remains.). Lodz: Nakladem Gminy Wyznaniowej Zydowskiej m. Lodzi, 1938.
 

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