Szczuczyn

compiled from the sources below by Ellen Sadove Renck
Szczuczyn/Shtutchin/Scucyn/Suicin/Shchuchin at 53º36 24º45
   
 and the dependent villages of Albinowce, Andruyushetvtsy/Andruszowce at 53º40 24º38 , Bale I and II, Bartosze, Bojary Male, Bojary Wielkie, Bujwicze, Domuciowce, Dubrowlany, Gierniki Nowe, Gierniki Stare, Gudi, Ishelin/Ishchelnyany/Ishcholyany/Ishcolnyany/Iszczona/Ischalna/ Iszczolna/Stary Yederniki at 53º40 24º55, Jabloszowce, Janczuki, Juciowce, Jurowszczyzna, Kaleczyce, Kiemiany, Koropki, Kozarcze, Krasna, Kulaki, Kuwerki, Lack, Maciowce, Micary, Mikolajkowszczyzna, Murawjowka, Naumowce, Nowosady Iszczolskie, Nowosiolki, Ogrodniki, Paszkowszczyzna, Pilczuki, Planty, Rohacze, Rzeszotniki, Sajdaki, Skragi, Solohubowce, Spusza, Starodworce, Topiliszki, Turowka, Worony, Zagunie, Zajkowszczyzna, Zarzecze, Zylicze

and the estates, colonies, and hamlets of Andruyushetvtsy/Andruszowce at 53º40 24º38, Baranowszczyzna, Bojary, Buciowszczyzna, Czaplicowszczyzna, Czarnowszczyzna, Dojlidowszczyzna, Domuciowce, Dorgiowce, Dzaplidzowszczyzna, Giernickzka, Gierniki, Iszczolna, Janowszczyzna, Jatwiesk, Klemiany, Kozarcze, Korzyse (Pieski), Lack Koscielny, Leszczanka, Krzywosiolki, Kudra, Kuwerki, Leszczanka, Marysin, Masliszki, Meldziny, Mikolajkowszczyzna, Nowosady, Nowosady Krasnowskie, Pietrulewszczyzna, Planty, Poplawy, Prejca, Rodziewicze, Romaniszki, Siemienie, Siewkowszczyzna, Sliwowszczyzna, Slonna, Smolarnia, Stara Jelna, Starodworce, Swojatycze, Szczuczynek, Szczuczyn, Szczyczynek, Szuly, Talkowszczyzna, Talmontowszczyzna, Topiliszki, Turja, Trynapol, Turja, Waclawowo, Wady, Wity, Wnuczkowce
 

Szczuczyn was in Rech Pospolitaya, Grodno Pavet (Grodno Region) at the end of the sixteenth century. Then, the town of Shtutshin was the estate of the Noble House of Scipion. This was a family known for its love of wisdom and knowledge. They established in Shtutshin, in 1726, a higher school ("Collegium") for monks named for Pope Pius ("Piarim"), as well as a school for the common people. The family appointed, as head of the Collegium, one of their relatives - the "Vitky" (Minister of the Army) of the city of Polotsk -- Chalivitsky-Yosepovitch. This was a University School that taught ancient and modern foreign languages, History, Natural Sciences, Mathematics, Theology, Ethics, Logic, and other sciences. In the year 1742, the Lady Theresa Scipion (of the house of Chalivitsky-Yosepovitch, the Cashtilaness of Smolensk), gathered a group of Sisters of Mercy, and established a Hospital in Shtutshin. This was one of the most modern Hospitals in the State at the time.

After the third division of Poland (1795), the Russian authorities confiscated Shtutshin from the Scipion Family because of their Polish Patriotism. It was transferred to the Princes of Drutsky-Lubatsky, who supported the rule of the Russian Czars.

The name Shtutshin was given to the town because of the River Shtutshinka that flows nearby. The river was thus called because of the many "Water-Wolf" fishes therein. These are called "Chuka" in Polish and Russian. In 1912 the rabbi wasYehuda Leib Chasman (1867-?). In 1928, Sczcuczyn was designated as a miasteczko (small city) and gmina wiejska (parish village), council office for the surrounding villages in the Second Uchastok, Lida powiat, Nowogrodskie voevodstvo of Poland. The Justice of the Peace was in Szczuczyn and the Justice Court in Wilno. The 1928 miasteczko population was 1,539. The railway was six kilometers away in Rozanka n. Niemnem. The post office, telephone, and telegraph were in Szczuczyn k. Lidy. Szczuczyn had one Catholic church, a normal school for teachers, a "dietine" (nutrition?) hospital, an old age and orphans asylum, and a plywood factory. Thursday and Mondays markets for all types of merchandise.

Since the beginning of the renewed Polish government, Shtutshin had a field town in the Lida district (powiat). Shtutshin became a regional center of the Lida powiat in 1934, within the framework of the "Viavodstve" of Novogrodok. As a result of this, the regional and governmental institutions began renovating and developing the town. Government institutions moved in. Government clerks started living there. Indeed, in 1936, Shtutshin became a major independent regional area ("powiat") that included the towns: Rozhanka, Vasilishok, Ostrin, Zholudok, Novi Dvor, Orlova and Kaminka* with all their dependencies.

DEPENDENT VILLAGES:

Slownik Geograficzny Krolestwa Polskiego, p. 35
Andruszowce: w?., pow. lidzki, par. Lack, st. p. Szczuczyn litewski, o 5 mil od Lidy; siedzib w?o?cia?skich 34, dm. 45, mk. 340, rozl. w?ok 74, z kt?rych 14 na mocy ukazu 1864 r. przesz?o w posiadanie w?o?cian; lasu wl?k 20, ?ak i pastwisk 15, nieu?ytok?w 10; reszta grunta orne w dobrej glebie. M?yn wodny cylindrowy. Maj?tek ten, przez kilka wiek?w Narbut?w, w r. 1849 prawem sukcesyi przeszed? na Moraczewskich i dz?s stanowi w?asno?? sukcesor?w Adama Moraczewskiego. Wielka ilo?? kurhan?w porozrzuchanych na polach, przedstawia bogaty materya? dla archeolog?w. J.L.

Andruszowce: village in Lida powiat, Catholic parish Lack, post office Szczyczyn, Lithuania, 5 mila from Lida; farms 34; 45 domiciles, inhabitants: 340, open area: 74 wlok, of which 14 belong to the peasants according to the decree of 1864; forest 20 wlok, meadow and pasture 15 wlok, wateland 10 wlok; remainder cultivated land with good soil. Cylindrical water mill., the profits of which belonged to the Narbut families for many years, i and in 1849 the inheritance right passed to the Moraczewski family and and today is the state property of the heirs of Adam Moraczewski. There are many kurhan [mounds erected as tombs], rich material for archeology.

Ischalna, today, is a village in Schutchin district located twelve kilometers from Schutchin and eight kilometers from the railway station Skribovtsy. The 1995 population was 90 people with 38 houses.

Ischalna was first mentioned in the Chronicles at the end of fifteenth century to the beginning of the sixteenth century as an estate in Lida povet belonging to Davoinovich. In 1515, he established the St. Trinity Catholic church there. In 1547, Stanislav Davoinovich established a mestechko at Ischalna. In the seventeenth century it belonged to Limont Vishnevetski, Palupyaty, Radimin-Frantzkevich, and Skarbek Vazhinski. In 1690, fifty-three houses existed.

In 1758, U. Val built a brick Catholic church. Beginning in 1795 the Russian Empire governed the area. In the nineteenth century, Ischalna was mestzechko and a village in Schutchin Oblast in Lida povet, Vilna guberniya and belonged to Skarbek Vazhinski. In 1897, there were 118 people, fourteen houses and a post office. In 1915, the German Army occupied it. The Red Army and Polish Army occupied it from1919 to 1920.
In 1921-1939 Ischalna belonged to Poland as a village in Schutchin gmina, Lida povet, Novogrudok Voevodstvo. Beginning 1939 the BSSR assumed control. During World War II, the Nazis captured Ischalna.
Beginning April 17, 1962, Ischalna belonged to Scucyn district with a collective farm "Bolshoe Mozheikovo", a post office and a shop. Architectural monument: St. Trinity Catholic Church (1758)
(Sachenka, vol. 3, p.511)

[Translations by Ellen Renck and Jan Sekta].

Translation of Slownik Geograficzny entry for Szczuczyn was online on the Polish Genealogical Society website for a long time, but as of late 2006, they're selling a CD of Slownik & the material's gone.

Do you need to convert old Russian units?

Sources:
Ksiega Adresowa Handlowa, Warszawa Bydgoszcz 1929
Slownik Geograficzny Krolestwa Polskiego
Sachenka, B.I. [editor], Encyclopedia of the History of Belarus. Minsk: 1996. Volume 3, p. 511.
1923/Glowny Urzad Statystyczny Rzechzypospolitej polskiej.
Yizkor Book

Other possible research sources:


Grodno Archives:
Fond # 173 Shuchin Synagogue in Lidski uezd in Scucyn $255, 3 chronicles, 1897-1899; Fond # 177 Government of Shuchin Jewish Religious Community, #361, 1931in Grodno Archives;
Fond 1639, 9 chr., Schuchin, Lida uezd, Vilnja gub. 1908-1913 Inv. 1: 1908-1913
1. Family list of l-m class in Schuchin, 1908 (copy)
2-7 ditto
8. ditto 1915
9. ditto 1912-1913
Fond 361: Government of Schuchin Jewish Religion Organization (Kahal?)
2 chronicles, 1931
419 Conscription skazki (lists)of tenants in Lida uezd 1884 Lida uezd
1639 Fond 9 chronicles 1908-1913 Grodno Guberniya
Schuchin lower-middle class government 1908-1913
Scucyn, Lida uezd, Vilna guberniya
1639 Fond 9 chronicles 1908-1913 Grodno Guberniya Inv. 1
family list of lower-middle class in Schuchin (1908 copy) 1908
Scucyn, Lida uezd, Vilna guberniya
1639 Fond 9 chronicles 1908-1913 Grodno Guberniya
Inv. 2-7 family list of lower-middle class in Schuchin (1908 copy)
1908 Scucyn, Lida uezd, Vilna guberniya
1639 Fond 9 chronicles 1908-1913 Grodno Guberniya
Inv. 8 family list of lower-middle class in Schuchin (1908 copy)
1915 Scucyn, Lida uezd, Vilna guberniya
1639 Fond 9 chronicles 1908-1913 Grodno Guberniya
inv. 9 family list of lower-middle class in Schuchin (1908 copy)
1912-1913 Scucyn, Lida uezd, Vilna guberniya
1564 Fond 12 chronicles 1880-1894 Grodno Guberniya
Inv. 1 Lida town "head" foundation; documents about session
Scucyn, Lida town Lida uezd, Vilna guberniya
255 Fond 3 chronicles 1897-1899 Vilna Guberniya
Inv#1-1 Metrical Book of Divorce in Schuchin Synagogue 1897
20 Scucyn Lida yezd, Vilnja gub.
255 Fond 3 chronicles 1897-1899 Vilna Guberniya
Inv#1--2 Metrical Book of Divorce in Schuchin Synagogue 1898
20 Scucyn Lida yezd, Vilnja gub.
255 Fond 3 chronicles 1897-1899 Vilna Guberniya
Inv#1--3 Metrical Book of Divorce in Schuchin Synagogue 1899
30 Scucyn Lida yezd, Vilnja gub.

Address: Grodno Region Department, Director: Miss Karina Botrakova, National Belorussian Historical Archives of Grodno
and
National Belorussian Historical Archives, Grodno Region Department,
Director: Miss Karina Brotrakova
Teizengauz Ploschad 2, Grodno 230001Belarus
 


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