Kushnitsa, Ukraine
Кушниця, Yкраïна

also known as:
Kusnyicza (HU), Kušnice (CZ), Kushnitsa (RU)

48°27' N / 23°16' E


~ Introduction ~

( Click the arrow in the buttons below for pronunciation. )

Kushnitsa   was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Kusnyicza   in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Kušnice   in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Kushnitsa and, since 1991, known as Kushnitsa, in the Irshavsky (Irshavs'kyy) rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.

Other spellings/names for Kushnitsa are Kovácsrét, Kusnive, Kushnitz, Kusnica, Kusnyica and Kusnicja.

Kushnitsa is located about 19 miles N of Khust (Huszt), 14 miles NE of Irshava (Ilosva), between Dolgoye (Dolha) and Keretski (Kereszky).



~ Maps ~

Zakarpats'ka oblast, Ukraine
Map: Copyright ©2012 by Marshall J. KATZ


NOTE: Clicking a link will open a new page.

1910 Map: Máramaros megye/Kusnyicza (Click map to enlarge it)
1910 Map (Topographical): Máramaros megye/Kovácsrét
Austro-Hungary Military Map: Máramaros megye/Kovácsrét (Click map to enlarge it)
Pre-WWII Town Map: Map (in Hebrew) (Click map to enlarge it)


~ History ~

Jews probably settled in Kushnitsa in the first half of the 18th century.

In 1880, the Jewish population was 260.

In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population continued to grow.

With the Hungarian occupation of Kushnitsa in March, 1939, Jews were pushed out of their occupations. Several men were drafted into forced labor battalions in 1940-41 and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.

In August, 1941, a number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.

The remaining Jews of Kushnitsa were deported to Auschwitz mid-May, 1944.

A great many of the Jews from Kushnitsa were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.

In 2001, Kushnitsa had about 4,682 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.


Sources (portions):
JewishGen communities database


This page is hosted at no cost to the public by JewishGen, Inc., a non-profit corporation. If you feel there is a benefit to you in accessing this site, your JewishGen-erosity is appreciated.



Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA
with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Alik FRIEDMAN, Israel
Bela HUBER, Ukraine
jAlbum
Gilberto JUGEND, Israel
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Magic Toolbox
Nevek-Klarsfeld
Wikimedia Commons
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following

JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Kushnitsa Jewish families:

Carol MILLS, USA
Noach YANKOVICH, USA

Updated: 30 March 2014

Copyright ©2012 Marshall J. Katz All rights reserved.

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