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Kolodne, Ukraine
Kолодне, Yкраïна

also known as:
Darva (HU), Kolodné (CZ), Kolodne (RU)

48°10' N / 23°36' E


~ Introduction ~

( Click the arrow in the buttons below for pronunciation. )

Kolodne   was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Darva   in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Kolodné   in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Kolodne and, since 1991, known as Kolodne, in the Tyachivsky (Tyachivs'kyy) rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.

Other spellings/names for Kolodne are Kolodnoye and Holodnoje.

Kolodne is located about 10 miles N of Tyachiv (Técsö), 14 miles E of Khust (Huszt).



~ Maps ~

Zakarpats'ka oblast, Ukraine
Map: Copyright ©2012 by Marshall J. KATZ


NOTE: Clicking a link will open a new page.

1910 Map: Mármaros megye/Darva (Click map to enlarge it)
1910 Map (Topographical): Mármaros megye/Darva
Austro-Hungary Military Map: Mármaros megye/Darva (Darna) (Click map to enlarge it)


~ History ~

Jews probably settled in Kolodne in the mid-19th century.

The first Jew to settle in Kolodne was Duvid RUTNER who was chasid of the great Rabbi Mendel, from Rimanov, Galicia. Duvid RUTNER owned land and livestock. His son was Avorhom Leib RUTNER from Kolodne, father of Shmuel Moshe RUTNER, who eventually settled in Borsa.

By 1880, the Jewish population was 145.

In 1921, during the Czechoslovak period, the Jewish population continued to grow.

Among the Jewish breadwinners were families that earned their livelihoods from commerce and farming.

With the Hungarian occupation of Kolodne in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1941, Jews from Kolodne were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.

In August, 1941, a number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.

The remaining Jews of Kolodne were deported to Auschwitz mid-May 1944.

A great many of the Jews from Kolodne were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.

In 2001, Kolodne had about 2,119 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.


Sources (portions):
JewishGen communities database
Ari TESSLER, Belgium


This page is hosted at no cost to the public by JewishGen, Inc., a non-profit corporation. If you feel there is a benefit to you in accessing this site, your JewishGen-erosity is appreciated.



Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA
with assistance from
Lara DIAMOND, USA
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
jAlbum
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Magic Toolbox
Nevek-Klarsfeld
Ari TESSLER, Belgium
Wikimedia Commons
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following

JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Kolodne Jewish families:

Lara Esther DIAMOND, USA

Updated: 09 September 2013

Copyright ©2012 Marshall J. Katz All rights reserved.

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