also known as: Alsókálocsa (HU), Koločava (CZ), Kolochava (RU), Kalitshava (Yid)
48°26' N / 23°42' E
~ Introduction ~
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Kolochava was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Alsókálocsa in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Koločava in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Kolochava and, since 1991, known as Kolochava, in the Mizhhirskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Bushtyno was known as Kalitshava.
Other spellings/names for Kolochava are Kalocsaimsád, Călacea de Jos, Kolotschawa, Nižná Koločava, Nizhni Kolochava and Kalicsava.
Kolochava is located about 10 miles SE of Mizhhirya (Ökörmezõ), 25 miles NE of Khust (Huszt).
Jews probably settled in Kolochava in the mid-18th century.
Six Jews were present in 1768.
In 1830, the Jewish population was 81 and by 1880, rose to 147 (of a total population of 1,590).
Jews were engaged in trade (12), crafts (9), agriculture (3) and also owned three flour mills.
In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population reached 285, then by 1941, the Jewish population increased to 358.
With the Hungarian occupation of Kolochava in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Kolochava were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1941, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Kolochava were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Kolochava were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Kolochava had about 5,029 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 647
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Alik FRIEDMAN, Israel jAlbum
Nikoli KATZ, USA Magic Toolbox
Ari TESSLER, Belgium
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Kolochava Jewish families: