also known as: Gyertyánliget (HU), Kobylecká Polana (CZ), Kobyletskaya Polyana (RU), Polien-Kabiltsky (Yid)
48°04' N / 24°04' E
~ Introduction ~
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Kobylets'ka Polyana was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1918 and 1938-1944) with the name of Gyertyánliget in Máramaros megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1918-1938) with the name of Kobylecká Polana in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Kobyletskaya Polyana and, since 1991, known as Kobylets'ka Polyana, in the Rakhivskyi rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Kobylets'ka Polyana was known as Polien-Kabiltsky.
Other spellings/names for Kobylets'ka Polyana are Kobylecká Polana, Kabola Polyána, Poiana Cobilei and Poľana Kobilská.
Kobylets'ka Polyana is located about 6 miles W of Rakhiv (Rahó).
Jews probably settled in Kobylets'ka Polyana in the mid-19th century.
In 1880, the Jewish population was 98 (of a total population of 1,171).
In 1910, the Jewish population was 278.
By 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population decreased to 265. A number of Jews were engaged in agriculture, 14 were engaged in trade and four or five were artisans.
In 1930, the Jewish population was 311.
With the Hungarian occupation of Kobylets'ka Polyana in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, Jews from Kobylets'ka Polyana were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
By 1941, the Jewish population had increased to 427 and it was at this time, Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Kobylets'ka Polyana were deported to Auschwitz late May, 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Kobylets'ka Polyana were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Kobylets'ka Polyana had about 3,392 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 639 Budapest
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