Irshava, Ukraine
Iршава, Yкраïна

also known as:
Ilosva (HU), Iršava (CZ), Irshava (RU)

48°19' N / 23°03' E


~ Introduction ~

( Click the arrow in the buttons below for pronunciation. )

Irshava   was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Ilosva   in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Iršava   in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Irshava and, since 1991, known as Irshava, in the Irshavsky (Irshavs'kyy) rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.

Other spellings/names for Irshava are Irszawa and Irschawa. In Yiddish, Irshava was known as Orsheve

Irshava is located about 18 miles SE of Mukacheve (Munkács) and 15 miles NW of Khust (Huszt).



~ Maps ~

Zakarpats'ka oblast, Ukraine
Map: Copyright ©2012 by Marshall J. KATZ


NOTE: Clicking a link will open a new page.

1910 Map: Bereg megye/Ilosva (Click map to enlarge it)
1910 Map (Topographical): Bereg megye/Ilosva
Austro-Hungary Military Map: Bereg megye/Irsava (Ilosva) (Click map to enlarge it)


~ History ~

Irshava was first mentioned in 1341.

Jews probably settled in Irshava in the first half of the 18th century.

Two Jewish families were present in 1768.

In 1830, the Jewish population was 18, rising in 1880 to 101 (of a total population of 972).

By 1921, under Czechoslovakia rule, the Jewish population of Irshava reached 771. There was a Jewish elementary school and a cheder (religious school) for 70 students.

In 1941, the Jewish population climbed to 1,393 inhabitants.

Among the Jewish breadwinners were 32 families that earned their livelihoods from commerce and 29 from crafts. A few Jews belong to the professional class and the community included three doctors and three lawyers.

With the Hungarian occupation of Irshava in March, 1939, Jews were pushed out of their occupations. About 100 were drafted into forced labor battalions in 1940-41 and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.

In August, 1941, the number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.

The remaining 1,350 Jews of Irshava were deported to Auschwitz on 24 May 1944.

A great many of the Jews from Irshava were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.

In 2001, Irshava had about 10,311 inhabitants and no Jews live there today. Irshava has an abrasives plant, an industrial-machine-repair plant, several food-processing plants, a cotton-textiles mills and a furniture factory. Lignite coal, limestone and marble are mined in its vicinity.


Sources (portions):
The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001), p. 550


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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA
with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA
Mitch HOLLANDER, USA
jAlbum
Nikoli KATZ, USA
Lo Tishkach Foundation
Magic Toolbox
National Archives and Records Administration
Nevek-Klarsfeld
M. RAKOTSI, Hungary
The Center of Jewish Education in Ukraine
The Documentary Institute, U. of Florida
Wikimedia Commons
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following

JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Irshava Jewish families:

Nan GOLDBERG, USA
Jeff GOTTESMAN, USA
Roby HERSKOWICZ, Israel
Martin JACOBY, USA

Updated: 06 September 2014

Copyright ©2012 Marshall J. Katz All rights reserved.

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