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Hat was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Gáth in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Hať in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Gat and, since 1991, known as Hat, in the Berehove rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Hat is Gát.
Hat is located about 7 miles N of Berehove (Beregszász) and 10 miles SSW of Mukacheve (Munkács).
Today, Hat' combines the villages of Hat' and Chikosh-Horonda (prior to 1938) Čikosgorondov Dvor (1920-1938) and Csikósgorond (1944-1945).
By 1880, the Jewish population was 76 (of a total population of 859).
In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 142.
By 1941, the Jewish population dropped to 66.
Among the Jewish breadwinners were that earned their livelihoods seven business establishments and three workshops and three families farmed.
With the Hungarian occupation of Hat in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1941, Jews from Hat were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In August, 1941, a number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Hat were deported to Auschwitz mid-May 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Hat were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Hat had about 3,122 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 500
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Created and Compiled by: Marshall J. KATZ, USA with assistance from
M. Y. EHRENREICH, USA jAlbum
Gilberto JUGEND, Israel
Nikoli KATZ, USA Magic Toolbox
Nevek-Klarsfeld Wikimedia Commons
Amos Israel ZEZMER, France
and the following JewishGen members/descendants and contributors of Hat Jewish families:
Judit (née MARKOVITS) SCHIFFMAN, USA