ShtetLinks: FLOSS

    In German spelled as Floß

View the location of FLOSS
(49°44' 12°17') via Mapquest

Modern day Floß is still a Market Town a few miles from the Czechoslovakia border in the Oberpfalz region of Northern Bavaria. Click on "Jüdische Geschichte in Floß" on the Floss homepage for more pictures and information in German about the synagogue restoration and the Jewish community.

Background
Bibliography
The Cemetery
Documents
Floss Family Names
Internet Links
Map
More Maps
Picture Gallery
Searchable Databases
The Synagogue
Visiting Floss

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Markt Floss Marker

Synagogue

Map used by permission from Town of Floss brochure
The Floss

Flags and Fountain, center of town

Some Background Information About Floss

A Synopsis of the History of the Jewish Community of Floss

"Four Jewish families were permitted to settle in Floss in 1684, the brothers Henoch and Hirsch Meier as well as Eisig and Nathan Feifas and their families. All of the Jews who came from Floss thereafter were descended from the original four, either directly or by marriage. The laws limited the number of Jews permitted to live in Floss; sometimes these laws were loosely applied and other times people were forced to leave Floss because the numbers were too high.

The Commission of the Greater Main River Area requested all the Jews from Floss to appear for a meeting on April 26, 1814 where Jews were required to take last names. Those who had family names already kept them. (e.g. Bloch, Bomeisler, and Boscowitz ). The others took on German family names. Everybody had to register their names. Before then, each man was known by his name and the name of his father.

Sixty-four families were entered into the records and sixty-four remained the number allowed which could not be exceeded. " [translated and condensed from Renate Höpfinger, Die Judengemeinde von Floss, 1684-1942 ]

Because of these restrictions, many Flossers emigrated in the mid 1800s, often to the USA, otherwise to nearby Jewish communities such as Fürth, Nürnberg, and Regensburg. Also it was German law that Jews could not marry until the age of 28.

There are no longer any Jews in Floss. However the synagogue has been restored and is used once a year by a neighboring Jewish Community.
View of Floss
View of Floss photographed by Ralf Rossmeissl in 2004

Bibliography

Höpfinger, Renate.
Die Judengemeinde von Floss, 1684-1942 : die Geschichte einer judischen Landgemeinde in Bayern . Kallmunz Opf. : M. Lassleben, 1993.
Series title: Regensburger historische Forschungen ; Bd. 14. UCB Main DS135.G4 F544 1993
English title: The Jewish community of Floss, 1684-1942: the history of a rural Jewish community in Bavaria (not available in English)
Mormon Family History microfilm: Europe 1194062,
About 20 years of records (births 1813 to 1833) and some marriages and other records are item 3 on this film, available from any of the LDS family history centers.

Documents

Picture Gallery

Some Family names from the Judenburg of Floss are:

ANSBACHER
BAMBERGER
BLOCH
BOMEISLER
BOSKOWITZ
DOPPELMAYER
DOPPELMEIER
EISEMANN
EISMANN
ENGELMANN
ENGLAENDER
FLOSSER
GOLDMANN
GRUENBAUM
HAMBURGER
HOENIG
HOENIGSBERGER
KOENIGSHOFER
LANGERMANN
LEVI
PLOCH
REICHENBERGER
SCHWARZ
STEINHARDT
WEISS
WELTZER
WIENER
WILMERSDOERFER
    (became WILLIAMS
    and WILMERS)
WITTELSHOFFER

Searchable Databases



  Compiled by Kitty Munson Cooper
Updated by KMC on 5 NOV 2011
Copyright © 2002 Kitty Munson Cooper

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