also known as: Duszína (HU), Dusina (CZ), Dusina (RU)
48°31' N / 23°07' E
~ Introduction ~
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Dusyno was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Duszína in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Dusina in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Dusina and, since 1991, known as Dusyno, in the Svaliava rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
Other spellings/names for Dusyno are Zajgó and Dusyna.
Dusyno is located about 19 miles ENE of Mukacheve (Munkács), 25 miles NNW of Khust (Huszt).
Jews probably settled in Dusyno in the early 19th century.
In 1830, the Jewish population was eight.
By 1880, the Jewish population was 52 (of a total population of 536).
In 1921, during the Czechoslovakian period, the Jewish population rose to 123.
By 1941, the Jewish population was 176.
Among the Jewish breadwinners were families that earned their livelihoods from commerce and farming.
With the Hungarian occupation of Dusyno in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1941, a few dozen Jews from Dusyno were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In July, 1941, a number of Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Dusyno were deported to Auschwitz mid-May 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Dusyno were murdered in Auschwitz and a few survivors returned, but eventually settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Dusyno had about 1,672 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 348
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