1941 Nazi Germany invaded the Soviet Union, putting in immediate danger
the approximately 3,000,000 Jews who lived in the Soviet republics.
Hard on the heals of the rapidly advancing
Wermacht were the Einzatsgruppen, the special SS units whose function
was to put into action the Final Solution and exterminate the Jews of
the Soviet Union.
In the Ukraine, in that area where
were located the Jewish Agricultural colonies, most of which had been
Sovietised as collectives, and their adjacent urban communities,
the killing process was carried out by Einsatzgruppe D.
After the war, the details of the
numbers of Jews who perished were not readily available in the West,
obscured by the descent of the Iron Curtain. With the dismantling of
the Soviet Union, much information about the Holocaust became
available. Local authorities collated lists of the victims, eyewitness
reports were recorded, and articles were write, both by Ukrainian and
Death of the Jewish Collective
Workers of Zelenopolye
”Report from The Black
Vashem Testimony sheets or
Shlomo-Reuven Komisaruk, and his sons.
Yad Vashem Valley of the