also known as: Nagybereg (HU), Berehy (CZ), Velikij Beregi (RU)
48°14' N / 22°45' E
~ Introduction ~
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Beregi was part of the Kingdom of Hungary (11th century - 1920 and 1938-1944) with the name of Nagybereg in Bereg megye (county), next part of Czechoslovakia (1920-1938) with the name of Berehy in Podkarpatská Rus (Sub-Carpathia), then part of the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic (1945-1991) with the name of Velikij Beregi and, since 1991, known as Velykyi Beregi, in the Berehivskiy rayon (district) of Zakarpats'ka oblast (county) of Ukraine.
In Yiddish, Velykyi Beregi was known as Bereg.
Other spellings/names for Velykyi Beregi are Brehy, Nagy-Bereg, Veľký Bereg and Welyki Berehy.
Velykyi Beregi is located about 5 miles ENE of Berehove (Beregszász), 15 miles S of Mukacheve (Munkács).
Jews probably settled in Velykyi Beregi around the turn of the 18th century.
The Jewish population was 72 in 1880.
In 1921, the Jewish population was 142 of a total population of 2,001.
Then by 1941, the Jewish population rose to 176.
With the Hungarian occupation of Velykyi Beregi in March, 1939, Jews were persecuted and pushed out of their occupations. In 1940-41, dozens of Jews from Velykyi Beregi were drafted into forced labor battalions and others were drafted for service on the Eastern front, where most died.
In 1944, a few Jewish families without Hungarian citizenship were expelled to Nazi occupied Ukrainian territory, to Kamenets-Podolski, and murdered there.
The remaining Jews of Velykyi Beregi were deported to Auschwitz 18 May 1944.
A great many of the Jews from Velykyi Beregi were murdered in Auschwitz and any survivors settled elsewhere.
In 2001, Velykyi Beregi had about 2,540 inhabitants and no Jews live there today.
Sources (portions): The Encyclopedia of Jewish Life Before and During the Holocaust, (2001) p. 113
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