Short History of Beckum Jewish Community School
in the Section on the Jewish Community of the
Beckum Museum, located in the Rathaus .
Translation by Zeev Raphael. May 2007
1343 First mention of Jews in Beckum.
1743 Establishment of a Jewish Community. Construction of of a Synagogue building with Religion School at Nordstrasse 8.
1776 Establishment of a private prayer school for Beckums eight Jewish families,
by the Jew Joseph Leffmann.
1817 Permanent employment of a Jewish teacher. Regular instruction according to fixed hours and curriculum. After 1858: Establishment of Jewish Elementary School.
1829 79 Jewish inhabitants 21 Pupils
1830 79 18
1835 72 24
1840 68 12
1845 73 12
1850 89 7
1855 87 13
1865 99 (= 3.6% of population)
1867 Consecration of the new community building
with quarters for teacher (ground floor) and school (first floor).
1911 Recognition of the Jewish Elementary School as a public school. Under supervision of Beckum Municipality.
1919 Closed down. The Jewish pupils attend the Evangelic Elementary School.
1920 Reopening of the private Community School.
1924 104 Jewish citizens in Beckum.
1933 National Socialist regime. 100 Jewish citizens in Beckum.
1936 Last school class of the Jewish Community School.
[ Note: The school is known to have existed until Easter 1937. zr]
1938 9/10 November: Reichskristallnacht. Vandalism of the synagogue and devastation of school. The Jew Erich Stein was made to chip off the Hebrew inscription above the house entrance My House shall be a House of Prayer for all Men. The swastika flag is raised over the building (see photo). Jewish children are forbidden to attend German schools.
By 1942. End of escape or deportation of all Jews of Beckum: Our Town is free of Jews!
1942 Closure of all Jewish schools in Germany.
1967 Demolition of the Jewish School- and Community Building.